I haven’t seen much said about sensitivity readers in terms of those of us who write for adults. That said, with the buzz going on in the children’s writing community, I suspect it is only a matter of time.
A sensitivity reader comes into play any time you write outside of your “group.” This can mean your racial group, such as if I wrote a book on Japanese Americans, your religion, if my character was Shinto, your region, if I set the book in New York City, or even your gender and sexual orientation, if my character were male, gay or trans.
The sensitivity reader’s job is to make certain that you, the outsider to whatever group you are writing about, does not commit a faux pas in regard to said group. The kinds of faux pas they can help you avoid are wide and varied but generally unintentional because most of us don’t set out to offend.
The problem is that bias can be sneaky. Our work can sometimes show unintentional biases that we aren’t aware we hold. This can come out in a variety of ways:
Setting up a science fiction or fantasy world that does not and has never existed isn't enough to avoid this issue. You still might be called on to work with a sensitivity reader lest your characters seem to be based on real, existing groups.
Sometimes a sensitivity reader is part of the publisher’s staff. But if you are considering self-publishing you may need to employ a reader of your own. Fortunately, Writer in the Margins can help. This organization is dedicated to helping stories from outside the main stream make their way into reader’s hands. Part of this is maintaining a database of readers. The database includes their name, qualifications, contact information and specialties. http://writeinthemargins.org/
For more on this topic, check out the following:
Overcoming Bias: Authors and Editors Discuss Sensitivity Bias
Debut Author lessons: Sensitivity readers and why I pulled a project.
I’ve never had to employ a sensitivity reader but my educational books are all run past a “content expert.” This person looks for both sins of omission and commission concerning a wide range of issues including bias. Given the topics I write about, I may one day soon be working with someone who holds this particular title.
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