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What is Arthroscopy or Orthopedics?

Thursday, February 9, 2017 2:50
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What is Arthoscopy?

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which a small fiberoptic telescope (arthroscope) is inserted into a joint. Fluid is then inserted into the joint to distend the joint and to allow for the visualization of the structures within that joint. The inside joint picture is transmitted via a camera to a screen/monitor. The surgery is viewed on a monitor so that the whole operating team and the patient is aware of the type of surgical procedure that is being performed.

What are Arthroscopes?

Arthroscopes are approximately1.9 mm to 4 mm in diameter smaller ones for smaller joints (wrist, elbow, finger and toe joints) and larger ones for larger joints (hip, knee, ankle, shoulder). Because the incisions are very small, it is often called KEY HOLE SURGERY. During the procedure, the inside of the joint is examined for damaged tissue and all diagnosed problems can be tackled see this orthopedic centre at kolkata.

Is it easy to perform an Arthroscopic surgery?

It would be wrong to assume that that arthroscopic surgery is easy. It is, probably, one of the most difficult skills to pick up and most well-known arthroscopic surgeons have to spend years of training and practice picking up the skills. That is one reason why we still have a shortage of arthroscopic surgeons in the fraternity of orthopedic surgeon.
Arthroscopy is much less traumatic to the muscles, ligaments, and tissues than the traditional method of surgically opening the knee with long incisions (arthrotomy). It also allows a much better visualization of the joint and all the structures inside. The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

  • Ligament reconstruction ( ACL / PCL / MPFL / PLC RECONSTRUCTION)
  • Ligament avulsion fixation
  • Removal of loose debris, infected tissue ( DEBRIDEMENT / LAVAGE)
  • Removal of infected or diseased or neoplastic synovium ( SYNOVECTOMY)
  • Trimming damaged cartilage.( ABRASIONPLASTY)
  • Patellar balancing ( LATERAL RELEASE / MEDIAL PLICATION / MPFL reconstruction)
  • Release of stiff joints – which may happen after injury or after surgery ( ARTHROLYSIS)
  • Recovering joint tissue for examination ( BIOPSY)
  • Reduction and fixation of fractures inside the joint.

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