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Excerpts: Fate of Iran deal. 12 Iran officials arrested for spying.

Thursday, November 17, 2016 15:09
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Excerpts: Fate of Iran deal. 12 Iran officials arrested for spying. Jewish
birthrate,Arab birthrate same for first time November 17, 2016

+++SOURCE:Al Arabiya News 17 Nov.’16:”Will Iran nuclear deal collapse under
Trump?”,By Saleh Hamid, Staff Writer
SUBJECT: Fate of Iran deal
QUOTE:”Reformists in Iran, who hope Hassan Rowhani will win a second
presidential term in April 2017, have called for start of direct talks with
the Trump administration to discuss the nuclear deal. (AFP) “
FULL TEXT:Recent developments between Iran and the US have led to
speculations over the collapse of the nuclear agreement under Donald Trump
who was elected president last week. There have been voices from Tehran
calling for ending the agreement after the US House voted for extending the
Iran Sanctions Act for 10 more years.

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, however, said he is not concerned with
the results of the US presidential elections. Secretary of the Supreme
National Security Council of Iran, Ali Shamkhani, threatened to abandon the
agreement if Washington violates it.

Also read: US House OKs bills to renew Iran sanctions

Walid Fares, one of Trump’s foreign policy advisers, said in November that
Trump plans to end the Iranian nuclear deal and discuss it in the Congress
before resubmitting it to EU partners. He said that the next US
administration will demand key changes to the agreement. American officials
have also spoken about the possibility of military option against Iran if it
does not fully adhere to the agreement, even if it is cancelled.

Reformists in Iran, who hope Hassan Rowhani will win a second presidential
term in April, have called for direct talks with the Trump administration to
discuss the deal and avoid a war. However, hardliners welcome ending the
agreement as they think Iran made plenty of concessions to the West and
paved the way for American and western influence in their country.

Senate to vote on sanctions
Meanwhile, Reuters reported on Thursday that the US Senate will vote to
renew sanctions on Iran for 10 years before adjourning next month, the
chamber’s Republican leader said on Wednesday, sending the bill to the White
House, where President Barack Obama is expected to sign it into law.

“We’re going to take up the House bill,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch
McConnell told reporters at the Senate’s weekly Republican leadership news
conference. “… And we’re going to pass it.” The Obama administration and
other world powers reached an agreement last year in which Tehran agreed to
curb its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.

+++SOURCE:Al Arabiya News 17 Nov.’16:”Iran arrests 12 officials on spying
charges”,by Saleh Hamid
SUBJECT: 12 Iran officials arrested for spying
QUOTE:”Among the 12 officials currently detained had some involvement in the
Iran nuclear deal. (AP) “

Iranian MP Hussein Ali Haji Degana has revealed that at least 12 top
officials holding dual citizenship have been arrested in Iran on spying

The MP added that among the 12 detained were officials who played key roles
in the Iran nuclear deal signed last year.

The MP demanded that the judiciary apparatus delivers its rulings with
transparency, and that the officials’ identity also be made public.Some of
the officials who were arrested simply for holding dual citizenships.

Many high-ranking Iranian officials like Minister of Intelligence Mahmoud
Alavi have denied in the past the presence of dual-citizens among Iran’s
decision makers. But it has been reported that Abdol-Rasool Dorri Esfahani,
one of the nuclear deal negotiators, was arrested based on the claims of
owning dual citizenship with his family currently residing in Canada.

+++SOURCE:Naharnet”(Lebanon) 17 Nov.’16: “Israel says Jewish Birthrate Same
as Arabs for First Time”,by Agence France Presse
SUBJECT:Jewish birthrate,Arab birthrate same for first time
QUOTE:”Arab women in Israel having fewer children as their levels of
equality have risen during recent years”
The Jewish birthrate has drawn level with that of Arabs in Israel for the
first time since the state was founded in 1948, the Israeli Central Bureau
of Statistics says.

The subject is closely watched in Israel, where the Jewish population is
deeply concerned with maintaining a Jewish majority.

“In 2015, for the first time, the general fertility rate of Arab and Jewish
women was the same and stood at an average 3.13 children,” a CBS statement

The figures include Palestinians living in Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem as
well as Arab Israelis, who account for some 17.5 percent of the country’s

The CBS said that at the end of 2015 there were 2.798 million children in
Israel, accounting for 33 percent of the 8.6 million population.

Of the total under-18 population, 71.3 percent were Jews and 25.7 percent
were Arabs, it said.

The remaining three percent were described as “others”, including non-Arab

Among arguments fielded by Israeli proponents of a sovereign Palestine
alongside the Jewish state are that the alternative is a single binational
state in which Arab Israelis and Palestinians combined would form the

Among the most vocal was the late president Shimon Peres who challenged
rightwing calls for Israel to annex the occupied West Bank where more than
400,000 Israelis live among 2.6 million Palestinians.

“Without a Jewish majority, it is doubtful whether a Jewish state can remain
Jewish,” he warned in 2012.

There are 1.7 million combined east Jerusalem Palestinians and Arab

Arab Israelis, Israeli citizens who largely identify as Palestinians, are
the descendants of Palestinians who remained on their land after the
creation of Israel in 1948.

The two ethnic blocs are at the moment equally balanced at about 6.4 million
each, counting both Israel and the Palestinian territories.

According to the CBS, within Israel, the Jewish birthrate has been growing
consistently while that of Arab Israelis has been falling.

In 2000, the Arab fertility rate in Israel was 4.3 children per woman, while
the Jewish rate was 2.6 and the Jewish birthrate is expected to outstrip
that of Arabs in the near future.

One reason for the steady growth in Jewish births is the high rate among the
ultra-Orthodox and Orthodox Jewish populations, where the biblical
injunction to “be fruitful and multiply” is taken very seriously.

Another is a continuing response to the massive depopulation of European
Jewry during the Nazi Holocaust, encouraging an ethos where bringing more
Jewish children into the world is a social and patriotic duty.

Government policy reflects this with generous funding for fertility

Experts have also pointed to Arab women in Israel having fewer children as
their levels of equality have risen in recent years.
Sue Lerner – Associate, IMRA


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