“Honestly, if you’re given the choice between Armageddon or tea, you don’t say ‘what kind of tea?” -Neil Gaiman
Between the near-Earth asteroids that orbit close by our planet, and the distant comets that plunge periodically into the inner Solar System, Earth has plenty to be concerned about over the long haul. A slight gravitational nudge to any of those objects could put them on a collision course for our world. Thankfully, we can see them and track them, and calculate exactly how big of a threat they are to us.
Comet Lovejoy, as seen from the International Space Station, poses no threat to Earth. Image credit: NASA / ISS.
But what about the centaurs: objects in the vicinity of the four gas giants? Instead of being bright like a comet or close like an asteroid, they’re a combination of dark and distant, making them a difficult class to catalogue and trace. If one of them were headed for us, is there any way to know? One scientist theorizes that these classes of objects — the ‘dark comets’ of the Universe — are the biggest threat to Earth.
While asteroids (grey) and Kuiper Belt objects beyond Neptune (blue and orange) are generally considered Earth’s greatest threats, the centaurs (green) number over 44,000. Image credit: WilyD at English Wikipedia.