Hi dear astronomers ! Befor 7 month ago from data of this photos – I write small paper where predict this structure in top part of convection zone of Sun. (Russian) http://www.membrana.ru/particle/16582 - It was writen Сергей Асташкин, 16 august 2011 . 10 may 2012 Y -Amateur astronomer David Maidment of Sohar, Oman caught the active region in mid-flare during a strong M5-class eruption Thut his observation contirmed predictable toroids structure top part of Sun Convection Zone.
Full paper from 16 august 2011 Y:
“( The sun — it is interesting.
What occurs on the most visible but secret object — the Sun? Here we will describe the most interesting can, from my point of view process — thermal life of the Sun. Let’s try to present an interior of this thermonuclear copper. Non-stationary processes are an essential part of the life of the Sun. So, in a zone of radiation transfer, on border with a kernel, there is an origin of whirlwinds – a tornado (we will call it NT — nuclear primary “tornado”). His stability depends, generally on the following parameters: the weight involved in primary process, temperatures the NT organizations (it has structure) and the direction of an axis of rotation. In the course of rotation there is a mechanical redistribution of electronic and ionic density — thin films of electrons rotate against rotation of ions — the electromagnetic whirlwind is formed. Control passes to electromagnetic processes. The whirlwind rises to a star surface. Density of such area is significantly lower than the environment and NT is simple — emerges. In such education processes the Thermonuclear reaction of Reactions (ThermNR) amplify, NT, thus, has – own power source. It is clear, that orientation of such whirlwind is very important since NT density — is significantly lower than the environment, the huge bubble emerges, overheating walls, and about NNT, turbulent processes begin too. Primary sizes, probably, lie within 5 000 — 10 000 km. Temperature is within 25-40 million a hail.
In process of the movement the whirlwind extends, but two opposite processes work, on the one hand — tangential speed grows, with another — the whirlwind under the influence of own magnetic field contracts. There is compensation to external pressure — pressure of magnetic field. So NT-enters a convective zone. Here his orientation plays the most essential role — radiation ablation increases, pressure falls — the whirlwind begins to extend. Therefore, the speed of rise defines a possibility of NNT to be chosen to a surface of the convective zone (CZ). The increasing masses is involved in rotation. In the top part of CZ — there are microdomains with sizes of 20-40 thousand km. They are organized as whirlwinds in the liquid heated on a frying pan from below. These are toroids (TCZ) – toroids of a convective zone, with radial rotation and a weak tangential .vrashcheniye. The NT sizes in the top part at the upper edge of a convective zone reach already 40 000 — 120 000 km. Thus, this top zone CZ breaks NT. Here again — the orientation of NT-defining for the process future: or TCZ will manage to take away energy of the top part of NT and we will practically not see it, or NT will sweep away the bulk of shopping mall and will escape on CZ surface — and we will see him — through a crown. At the big remained energy and successful orientation — NT axis at an angle to the radius of the Sun — there is a probability of emission of considerable masses from NT. At the same time emission speed — is approximately equal to the tangential speed of rotation of NNT.
Such NT play an extremely important role in a mass exchange in stars, without allowing to change a ratio of “combustible” materials locally seriously. But, at slackness of such process (formation of NT) — very unpleasant situations when the “combustion” of a ratio of kernels changing in a protseesa causes powerful local overheats (usually for small stars) are possible and there will be then emissions of prominences, catastrophic for star systems, to an essential part of substance of a star.