Diwali / Deepavali is also known as the Festival of Lights (the name of this festival may be literally translated from Sanskrit as rows of lights), and is one of the most well-known and important Indian festivals. While the origins of this festival can be found in the Hindu faith, it is celebrated also by adherents of other faiths, including Sikhs and Jains. Additionally, although Diwali is a national holiday in India, its celebration has not been limited to that country alone, and today it is celebrated in many other parts of the world as well.
The Day to Celebrate Diwali
The exact date of Diwali varies from year to year, as it is determined by the Hindu lunisolar calendar. Nevertheless, the festival usually falls between mid-October and mid-November each year.
A page from the Hindu lunisolar calendar of 1871-72. (Public Domain)
The festival of Diwali is celebrated over a period of five days and it coincides with the Hindu New Year. For some, Diwali also marks the beginning of a new financial year for Indian business. The actual day of Diwali is traditionally celebrated on the third day of this festive season. There are a number of traditions associated with the festival of Diwali.
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