Researchers at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have created graphene electrodes that function as effective biosensors, by using a laser inscribe patterns into a polymer sheet. The laser scribing technique locally heats parts of a flexible polyimide polymer to 2500 degrees Celsius or more to form carbonized patterns of patches on the surface that act as electrodes.
The black patches are about 33-micrometers thick, with a highly porous nature that allows molecules to permeate the material. Inside the patches, the graphene sheets have exposed edges that are effective at exchanging electrons with other molecules. “Graphene-based electrodes with more edge-plane sites are effectively better than those relying on carbon or carbon-oxygen sites in the plane of the material,” said a member of the KAUST team.