One of the reasons Satan got associated with the name Lucifer is because Isaiah 14:12 and Luke 10:18 were seen as parallels. The word “satan” comes from the Hebrew and means “adversary,” “enemy.”
In the King James Version of the Bible, “haylayl ben-shachar” in Isaiah 14:12 was originally translated from the Hebrew as “Lucifer, son of the morning.” The name Lucifer was actually taken from the Latin Vulgate and means “bringer of light.” Some sources say “morning star,” but the Latin word for star is “stella.” It may have gotten associated with “morning star” on account of “shachar,” the Hebrew word for morning.
Broken down, Lucifer comes from the Latin “lux” for “light” and “ferre” for “to bring,” or “bringer.” In the Septuagint, the Greek Bible, “haylayl” becomes “heosphoros,” also meaning “bringer of light,” or “bringer of dawn.” Strong’s Concordance translates “haylayl” as both “morning” and “shining one.” The name, “the shining son of morning,” was actually describing the king of Babylon (Isaiah 14:4).
Some people conclude that this refers to Jesus – to Yeshua – because He called Himself the Bright Star of the Morning (or, the Bright Morning Star) in Revelation 22:16. But the passage in Isaiah refers to someone who wanted to make himself like God and exalt himself over God:
“For thou hast said in thine heart, ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the Most High’ “(Isaiah 14:13-14).
And this character simply does not jive with the character of Yeshua:
“who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men. And being found in the fashion of a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death—even the death of the cross. Therefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in Heaven and things on earth and things under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:6-11).
Yeshua was already God Incarnate, God in the flesh, God the Son, the Only Begotten of the Father (John 1; 3:16). He deified human flesh in His Incarnation. At the Annunciation, the Archangel Gabriel told Mary that she would bear God’s Son (Luke 1:32-35). He came in the name of His Father to glorify His Father (John 17).
Luke 10:18 cites Yeshua as saying he “beheld Satan fall like lightning from Heaven,” and the verses in Revelation, which also describe Satan’s fall from Heaven, seem to many to be associated with the Isaiah verse. We can understand the connection when we consider that in Genesis, Satan seduced Eve and Adam by promising them they “shall be as gods, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:5) if they partook of the “tree of knowledge of good and evil.”
The Akelqarsa (“Eater”; “Devourer”; “Accuser”) is called “Satan” by Yeshua when He was in the desert and the Akelqarsa came to tempt Him. Yeshua spoke of him as having a kingdom and a throne (Matthew 12:26; Revelation 2:13).
In the Book of Revelation he is called the “great dragon,” the “serpent of old,” “the Devil and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world” (12:9), cast down to Earth by the Archangel Michael and the armies of Heaven.
The serpent who deceived Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden was said to be a beautiful creature. He was no doubt amazing to look at. In the Hebrew language, the language of the Old Testament, the Hebrew word for serpent is “nachash” which also carries the meaning of “shining one” (Genesis 3:1).
In the Gospel of John, Yeshua described him as one who “abode not in the truth because there is no truth in him” (John 8:44). Truth does not dwell in him because it cannot take root in him; he is eternally opposed to God. Satan hates God. He hates Yeshua. He loathes Him because He is God’s Son. He resolved to be at war with Him from the beginning of time because He is eternally jealous of Him. He spits on everything to do with Yeshua – he spits on His Incarnation, His Crucifixtion, and His Resurrection – and he spits on our salvation in Him. He spits on His teachings.
Yeshua called him a “murderer from the beginning” because he seduced Adam and Eve. He called him “a liar and the father of it” because he told Eve that when she partook of the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” she would be enlightened and become like God. Whatever the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” was, it caused Adam and Eve to think that they could obtain the knowledge of everything through it.
It wasn’t merely the knowledge between right and wrong that epitomized the “fruit” of this tree. There are many kinds of knowledge. There is also life-giving knowledge and life-destroying knowledge. God isn’t against humanity having knowledge. He isn’t against our growth. Humanity was already described as “good” by God when He created them (Genesis 1:31). They were unblemished by what God considered “evil.” They were pure. The seed of goodness was in them because they were created by a good and loving God.
And God also created humanity with freedom. But turning away from God and partaking of sin put us in bondage to sin – within our hearts and within our minds and within our souls – we became slaves to sin. For one thing, we can’t help having impure thoughts. It is a constant struggle within us. It is part of our very inward natures. The nature of our very hearts and minds and souls oppose what is pure. We can’t help it. We can only discipline ourselves, and discipline our thoughts and inner lives by practicing the opposite; we need spiritual regeneration. This can’t be done without seeking the righteousness of Yeshua the Messiah and rebirth through the Holy Spirit.
When Yeshua and His disciples were accused by the religious leaders of impurity because they didn’t observe the ritual washing of the hands before they ate, Yeshua answered that they were all too concerned with outside appearances instead of the state of their souls. He said that it wasn’t what goes inside of us that makes us impure – it was what came out of our hearts (Matthew 15:18-20).
Partaking of the “tree” changed humanity in that we came to “know” evil. Evil became conceived in the soul, bent on destroying the innermost being. It actually began before Adam and Eve partook of the tree. It began with their intent to turn from their Heavenly Creator and listen to Satan, the “father of lies,” the “enemy” of divine enlightenment.
But humanity’s destiny has always been to become “partakers of the divine nature” (2 Peter 1:4). That’s why God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness” (Genesis 1:26). It’s why Yeshua said we must be “born of water and of the Spirit” to “enter into the Kingdom of God” (John 3:5-6); it’s why He said we must worship in the Spirit because “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth” (John 4:23-24 new King James Version). Yeshua said that He is the Messiah (John 4:25-26), a royal and priestly title which means “Anointed One” (“Anointed of the Spirit,” Isaiah 61), and the One in Whom humanity would be given the “living waters” of the Spirit in receiving Him (John 4:14; John 7:37-39).
The Archangel Gabriel told Mary and Joseph that the Messiah was to be called Yeshua (His name in Hebrew; Matthew 1:21; Luke 1:31) because His name means “salvation” and He would “save His people from their sins” (Matthew 1:21) and that He would also be called “Immanuel,” meaning “God with us” (Matthew 1:23). Gabriel revealed to Mary that Yeshua would be conceived by “the Holy Spirit” and therefore be called “the Son of God,” “Son of the Highest” (Luke 1:32, 35). He would inherit the throne of His forefather David, rule over the House of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there would be no end (Luke 1:32-33). This made Ha-Satan – The Adversary – intensely jealous, and eternally so.
In John, Yeshua is called the Word of God Who not only was with God from the beginning, but IS God, God Who became a human being in Yeshua (John 1), Whose glory He, as the Son of God, shared with the Father from time eternal (John 17:5, 24). He even claimed to be living before Abraham and called Himself by God’s Name: “Verily, verily, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am!” (John 8:58; see also Exodus 3:14).
In Matthew 4, we learned how Yeshua, the Radiant Light, came and shone upon those who sat in the valley of darkness, death, and despair: “Repent,” He proclaimed, “for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand” (Matthew 4:16-17).
In the Gospel of John, Yeshua shouted out to the assembly gathered for the Feast of Lights: “I am the Light of the world. He that followeth Me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life”(John 8:12).
The light that Satan promised to give Adam and Eve was instead a false light. The power was always within their will to reject. Yet he said they would “know” good and evil. They were already good. But the seduction lay in lusting after what they felt God had denied them. They wanted the “knowledge” that would instead cause them to be intimately entwined with evil. They allowed their adversary – the adversary of God – to seduce them into turning their hearts away from Him. That’s why Yeshua said we need to be “born again,” “born of the Spirit.” When we are, we are given new desires; we desire to draw closer to our Father in Heaven Who gives us life-giving and life-saving knowledge of His Son, Yeshua. And we continue to grow in that knowledge and in our relationship with Him.
We were never meant to be stagnant Christians. When a pond no longer has a current or spring, it grows stagnant. It may still have water, but nothing can live in it because it’s been deprived of oxygenation which comes from life-giving currents. Instead, the pond suffocates everything in it. Don’t deprive your relationship in the Spirit. Yeshua said to not only seek the Kingdom of Heaven and God’s righteousness, but to seek it first and foremost in our lives (Matthew 6:33). We do it by abiding in Him, the True Vine:
“…Every branch in Me that beareth not fruit He taketh away; and every branch that beareth fruit, He purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are clean through the Word which I have spoken unto you. Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abide in the vine, no more can ye, unless ye abide in Me. I am the vine, ye are the branches. He that abideth in Me and I in Him, the same bringeth forth much fruit, for without Me ye can do nothing” (John 15:1-5).
“I am the Bread of Life. He that cometh to Me shall never hunger, and he that believeth in Me shall never thirst” (John 6:35).
We find our fulfillment, our destiny, our ability to partake of the divine nature, in Yeshua. In Him, we become sons and daughters of God (Matthew 12:50; John 1:12; Matthew 5:9). Yeshua showed His disciples that they become “branches” in Him, and His friends (John 15:8, 13-15), no longer mere servants. He fills us with His joy because He fills us with His love and…knowledge (John 15:9-15):
“…I have called you friends, for all things that I have heard of My Father, I have made known unto you…”
We are meant for continual growth in Him in all things through the Spirit. For all eternity, we will be growing, going from glory to glory, growing in our closeness to God. There is no end to discovering more about God because He is infinite. I find this simply…an indescribable destiny.
At the end of Revelation, Yeshua promises the tree of life – whose leaves are for the “healing of the nations” – and the waters of life to any who hunger and thirst (Revelation 22:1-5, 17).
When God became a human being in Yeshua, human flesh became “deified.” This is Orthodox teaching. He was God “Incarnate” from the time He became conceived in Mary’s womb. This is why we say He had both a physical nature – a human nature – and a divine nature. He is both Man and God. Mother Maria Skobtsova called Him the “Man-God.” And His human nature became “deified” – divinity (God) became clothed in humanity (Yeshua). Yeshua said He was the only Begotten Son of God (John 3:16). When we unite ourselves to Yeshua, we become “partakers of the divine nature” (2 Peter 1:4), prepared for communion with Him. We don’t become “God” because we are human and will always be so, but we will become the image of His Resurrection. We will take on His “living” likeness. Our corruptible natures will be transformed into His uncorrupted one on account of His Resurrection from the dead.
We already know this regeneration takes place on account of the Holy Spirit working in us, creating us to be vessels of God, constantly purifying and cleansing us from stains of sin. We become renewed with desire for communion with God, we desire to know Him, to learn His ways, to love Him – these things don’t happen apart from the Holy Spirit working in us. Human nature – body, mind, soul, heart, spirit – becomes healed in Yeshua the Messiah the Messiah. He proved this at His Resurrection and Ascension. It begins in us the moment we turn to Him.
There are those who trouble Israel and others about this, but no one – no one else – earthly or celestial being – has the right or authority to claim Yeshua’s name, or title as Messiah, or the glory that the Father bestowed upon Him as our Lord and King – the Lord and King of Heaven and Earth (Matthew 11:27; 28:18). No one else. It doesn’t belong to them. He will return – not as someone else – but as Himself.
“I am the resurrection and the Life. He that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth in Me shall never die” (John 11:25-26).
In the Book of Revelation we find Yeshua saying, “I, Yeshua, have sent My angel to testify these things with you for the assemblies. I am the Root and the Offspring of David and his people, and the Radiant, Morning Star” (Revelation 22:16; my translation).
Here, again, we see the metaphor of the “Morning Star.” The prophet Malachi prophesied the Messiah would be “the Sun of Righteousness” Who would “arise with healing in His wings” (Malachi 4:2). He is the true Shining One, shining with true knowledge because Yeshua the Messiah is the Word of God made flesh. There was no “making” Yeshua “equal with God” because He already IS God. And He is alive and living with life immortal, conceived and anointed by the Holy Spirit, filled with the total, complete, immeasurable love of the Father, the beloved Son in Whom God is well-pleased (Matthew 3:17; 17:5), and upon Whom the Father bestowed all authority in the Heavens and upon Earth:
And the Light shineth in darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not (John 1:5).
Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations taken from the 21st Century King James Version®, copyright © 1994. Used by permission of Deuel Enterprises, Inc., Gary, SD 57237. All rights reserved.
3. Haylayl; Helel
4. Deification; Divinization