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'I Got Tired of Hunting Black and Hispanic People'

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New York Police Department Lt. Edwin Raymond, at the Atlantic/Barclays center subway station in Brooklyn on Nov. 25, 2019, is suing the Police Department for discrimination. (Celeste Sloman/The New York Times)

New York Police Department Lt. Edwin Raymond, at the Atlantic/Barclays center subway station in Brooklyn on Nov. 25, 2019, is suing the Police Department for discrimination. 

NEW YORK — At a police station tucked into an end-of-the-line subway terminal in South Brooklyn, the new commander instructed officers to think of white and Asian people as “soft targets” and urged them to instead go after blacks and Latinos for minor offenses like jumping the turnstile, a half-dozen officers said in sworn statements.

“You are stopping too many Russian and Chinese,” one of the officers, Daniel Perez, recalled the commander telling him earlier this decade.

Another officer, Aaron Diaz, recalled the same commander saying in 2012, “You should write more black and Hispanic people.”

The sworn statements, gathered in the last few months as part of a discrimination lawsuit, deal with a period between 2011-15. But they are now emerging publicly at a time when policing in the subway has become a contentious issue, sparking protests over a crackdown on fare evasion and other low-level offenses.

The commander, Constantin Tsachas, was in charge of more than 100 officers who patrolled a swath of the subway system in Brooklyn, his first major command. Since then, he has been promoted to the second-in-command of policing the subway system throughout Brooklyn. Along the way, more than half a dozen subordinates claim, he gave them explicit directives about whom to arrest based on race.

Those subordinates recently came forward, many for the first time, providing signed affidavits to support a discrimination lawsuit brought by four black and Hispanic police officers.

The officers claim they faced retaliation from the New York Police Department because they objected to what they said was a long-standing quota system for arrests and tickets, which they argued mainly affected black and Hispanic New Yorkers.

The authorities have deployed hundreds of additional officers to the subways, provoking a debate about overpolicing and the criminalization of poverty. Videos of arrests of young black men and of a woman selling churros in the subway system have gone viral in recent weeks. Demonstrators have taken to the subway system and jumped turnstiles in protest.

Six officers said in their affidavits that Tsachas, now a deputy inspector, pressured them to enforce low-level violations against black and Hispanic people, while discouraging them from doing the same to white or Asian people.

Tsachas declined to comment when reached by telephone this week, but his union representative said the inspector denied the allegations of misconduct. The Police Department also declined to address the allegations.

The department has said in the past that its enforcement of fare evasion is not aimed at black and Hispanic people.

More than three years ago, when Tsachas was promoted to his current rank, the police commissioner at the time, William J. Bratton, said that allegations Tsachas pushed quotas were false.

“I have full faith and support in him,” Bratton said. He added that Tsachas had “the requisite skills and comes highly recommended.”

Most of the people arrested on charges of fare evasion in New York are black or Hispanic, according to data the Police Department has been required to report under local law since 2017.

Between October 2017 and June 2019, black and Hispanic people, who account for slightly more than half the population in New York City, made up nearly 73% of those who got a ticket for fare evasion and whose race was recorded. They also made up more than 90% of those who were arrested, rather than given a ticket.

Some elected officials have complained about the apparent racial disparity in arrests, saying it may indicate bias on the part of officers or an unofficial policy of racial profiling by the police.

“The focus of black and brown people, even if other people were doing the same crime, points to what many of us have been saying for a while,” the city’s public advocate, Jumaane Williams, said. “The same actions lead to different results, unfortunately, depending on where you live and an overlay of what you look like.”

Enforcement has surged nearly 50% in 2019, as city police officers issued 22,000 more tickets for fare evasion this year compared to 2018, according to Police Department data from Nov. 10.

While the affidavits focus on a time period that ended nearly five years ago, they suggest at least one police commander openly pushed racial profiling when making arrests in the subway.

“I got tired of hunting Black and Hispanic people because of arrest quotas,” one former officer, Christopher LaForce, said in his affidavit, explaining his decision to retire in 2015.

In the affidavits, the officers said that different enforcement standards applied to different stations across Transit District 34, which spanned stations across South Brooklyn: Brooklyn’s Chinatown in Sunset Park; neighborhoods with large Orthodox Jewish communities; a corner of Flatbush that is home to many Caribbean immigrants; and the Russian enclave around Brighton Beach.

“Tsachas would get angry if you tried to patrol subway stations in predominantly white or Asian neighborhoods” LaForce said in his affidavit. He added that the commander would redirect officers to stations in neighborhoods with larger black and Hispanic populations.

Diaz, who retired from the Police Department last year, described in his affidavit how on one occasion Tsachas seemed irritated at him for having stopped several Asian people for fare evasion and told him he should be issuing tickets to “more black and Hispanic people.”

At the time, Diaz said, he was assigned to the N Line, which passes through neighborhoods with large numbers of Chinese Americans. He had arrested multiple residents of that neighborhoods for doubling up as they went through the turnstiles, according to his affidavit.

Other officers described similar experiences. Some of the officers claimed in affidavits that Tsachas urged his officers to come up with reasons to stop black men, especially those with tattoos, and check them for warrants.

Of the six officers, all but one is retired. They are all black or Hispanic. The affidavits were given to The New York Times by one of the four officers who has sued the Police Department, Lt. Edwin Raymond.

The allegations in the affidavits were bolstered by a police union official, Corey Grable, who gave a deposition in June in the same lawsuit that recounted his interactions with Tsachas. He recalled Tsachas had once complained about a subordinate who Tsachas said seemed to go for “soft targets.”

Unsure what that meant, Grable asked if the officer was ticketing old ladies for minor offenses? Tsachas responded: “No, Asian.”

Grable, who is black, asked, “Would you have been more comfortable if these guys were black or Hispanic?”

“Yes,” Tsachas replied, according to Grable’s recollection.

Tsachas joined the Police Department in 2001 and patrolled public housing developments in Harlem for five years. He later analyzed crime patterns in Queens and across the city before being transferred to the Transit Bureau. He was a captain in 2011 when he was appointed to command Brooklyn’s District 34, a position he held for at least four years.

In 2015, he took command of neighboring Transit District 32, where Raymond, who is currently suing him, worked. At the time Raymond held the rank of police officer.

Raymond has charged in the lawsuit that Tsachas blocked his promotion by giving him a low evaluation as punishment for not making enough arrests.

Raymond, who is now a patrol supervisor in Brooklyn, recorded a conversation in October 2015 in which Tsachas encouraged him to arrest more people and gave an example of the sort of arrest he did not want: a 42-year-old Asian woman with no identification arrested on a charge of fare beating.

“That’s not going to fly,” he said, according to the recording, first described in a New York Times Magazine article.

Raymond, who still had the rank of police officer at the time, responded that it was unconstitutional to consider race when deciding whom to arrest. Tsachas, a captain at the time, then apologized, saying the comment “didn’t come out the way it’s supposed to.”

Raymond said he believed Tsachas should not have been promoted. “It’s a spit in the face of communities of color that this man is given more power after being exposed as a bigot,” he said.

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    Total 7 comments
    • HypothesisFree

      It is VERY possible that the Zion-mist Gee-Whose know for a FACT that the 12 Tribes of the TRUE Israelites are Black/Black Hispanics, as claimed here:

      - http://polohco.com/get/Tribe_of_Issachar.pdf

      Jesus was NOT a Gee-Who and neither were the Israelites, as PROVEN in multiple ways here::
      - /v3/religion/2019/2546470.html

      Revelation 1:14-15 describes Jesus as having white hair like wool and feet like brass burned in a furnace. Daniel 7:9 describes God as having hair like pure wool.

      Here is an unmistakable voice of a Black man explaining how the true Israelites are Negroes:
      - https://www.youtube.com/embed/wUhTz-IIDc8?start=1026&end=1336&version=3&autoplay=1 [5 min]
      - https://www.youtube.com/embed/wUhTz-IIDc8?start=331&end=430&version=3&autoplay=1 [1.5 min]
      - https://www.youtube.com/embed/wUhTz-IIDc8?start=790&end=922&version=3&autoplay=1 [2 min]
      - https://www.youtube.com/embed/wUhTz-IIDc8?start=639&end=726&version=3&autoplay=1 [1.5 min]

      Gee-Who Rabbi: NEGROS ARE THE BIBLICAL Gee-Whose, and the Elite knows the Rise of
      TRUE JACOB is at hand. [claims THIS as GAME-CHANGER! 10 min]:
      - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=545U5UDUp9k

      Gee-Who Man admits Blacks are the real Israelites! [1 min]
      - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JepBHBU9aOw

      No Gee-Whose Are Israelite Descendants ~ Miko Peled Israeli General’s Son
      - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=87s0GwZ5k48

      Is-Ra-Hell has a history of kicking Blacks out of their country and Tall-Mudd-Ick Gee-Whose consider Chris-X-Tea-eons to be their NUMBER ONE ENEMY!

    • truck driver

      Mexicans are shooting everyone in New York City according to a person from Columbia at a receiver by a Brooklyn Manhattan exit . he said watch what you say and do . SO THAT MEANS BLACK PEOPLE AND MEXICANS ARE FILTERED BY ATTITUDE AND PERFORMANCE AND DISCRIMINATION IS THE FILTERING PROCESS. From the ones that are shooting everyone from the ones that are not

    • Slimey

      Well? Who causes the most crimes anywhere you go? Is it not Megroes and Mexicans? I know where I live these are the biggest trouble-makers and crime grifters.

      Crimes that never use to happen in our area is almost normal. It’s freak’n unbelievable! :eek:

    • Rockledge

      Considering Asian people have a stereotype of being conscientious, hard working, law abiding, and are very unlikely to resort to such low minded base simple minded irreverent behavior, I fail to see what the problem is.

    • The Watcher

      ALL NON-WHITES WILL BE TERMINATED!

      • Rockledge

        Much as that probably would solve a lot of the worlds problems, I hardly think that is what anyone has in mind.
        If anyone will be terminated, it will be done by God and not done according to genetics, it will be done so according to who humans decide to associate with. Depending on your theological viewpoint, it seems that God will eventually terminate those who blatantly side with Satan. And perhaps those who casually side with Satan.

        Which could possibly include those who do not know how to use their caps lock button properly.

    • AJ

      One for the Rock, good point….

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