“Your Radiation This Week”
by Bob Nichols
(San Francisco) April 24, 2015 – “Good Day, this is “Your Radiation This Week.” These are the recorded Radiation Highs that affected people this week around the United States and in your neighborhood. Let’s get right to it.”
RADIATION CPM* CITY STATE
(*Counts per Minute, 50 CPM is an alert level. Levels are in Gamma unless noted.)
311 CPM Boston, MA
269 CPM New York City
354 CPM Raleigh, NC
254 CPM Atlanta, GA
442 CPM Miami, FL
229 CPM Chicago, IL
403 CPM Ft Wayne, IN Gamma and Beta Radiation Combined CPM.
219 CPM St Paul, MN
486 CPM Lincoln, NE, Gamma and Beta Radiation Combined CPM.
272 CPM Des Moines, IA
360 CPM Aberdeen, SD
463 CPM Rapid City, SD
344 CPM Kansas City, KA
308 CPM Tulsa, OK
363 CPM Little Rock, AR
230 CPM Dallas, TX
299 CPM Lubbock, TX
460 CPM South Valley, NM
462 CPM Albuquerque, NM
466 CPM Grand Junction, CO
721 CPM Billings, MT
346 CPM Phoenix, AZ
689 CPM Tucson, AZ Gamma and Beta Radiation Combined CPM.
166 CPM Las Vegas, NV
431 CPM San Diego, CA
333 CPM Los Angeles, CA
225 CPM San Francisco, CA
445 CPM Spokane, WA
When Less is More: I’m sure you have all heard that old saying. Here at Your Radiation This Week, it means that the radiation pronouncements from the people that make up those news releases are insanely Wrong. The idea promoted is that radiation from a given nuclear event gradually decreases over a period of time. That makes sense to most people and, in fact, it is actually true.
The tricky part is that radiation and “Lethality” are separate values and they can move in opposite directions at any given moment. When calculating just how deadly a radioactive event was, and is now, one of the most important data points is exactly how long the core has been “burning” and at what rate. As in: “Did the nuclear core “burn” for three days, three years, or thirty years, for example?” Yes, it makes a difference, and it relates to what the reactor actually does.
All Uranium reactors make Plutonium, specifically Plutonium 239, from which thermonuclear weapons are made. Oh yea, reactors make prodigious amounts of waste heat, too, as a by-product of Plutonium production. Enterprising industrialists use a small portion [less than 33%] of the heat to boil water, the rest is usually dumped into the air or a convenient nearby ocean, lake or river.”
“100s of Millions of Animals Have Died Recently Along West Coast-
Worst Mortality Event Ever Known”
Kyodo News, Apr 21, 2015
: “Outage hits pumps at Fukushima plant; toxic water leaks into ocean – Tepco on Tuesday reported that a power outage has shut down all eight water transfer pumps, and that radioactive water is again leaking into the Pacific Ocean. The beleaguered utility said it was checking into what happened and how much water had leaked. The pumping had begun last Friday, in response to a finding in late February that highly radioactive water in the channel was reaching the ocean.”
NHK, Apr 21, 2015
: “Radioactive water leaking into sea — TEPCO says radioactively contaminated rainwater is spilling outside the facility’s port after pumps to prevent leakage stopped working. The firm started operating the pumps last Friday. But on Tuesday, a worker found that they had stopped and the water was going into the sea. TEPCO officials say they don’t know the amount or radioactive level of the water.”
NHK, Apr 21, 2015:
”TEPCO says radioactive rainwater has stopped leaking into the sea as pumps are back in operation. The pumps were used to draw the contaminated rainwater from a drainage channel to prevent leaks. They said a worker found the pumps had stopped, allowing the water to spill outside the facility’s port.
The officials say the rainwater spilled into the sea for more than 11 hours, but they do not know the amount. But they say the radioactive levels of the drainage water were low. The pumps had been installed as a stopgap measure to reroute the channel. Rainwater that had accumulated on the roof of a reactor building was spilling through the drainage channel. This rooftop water contained comparatively high levels of radioactive substances.”
Dr. Janette D. Sherman, MD, Apr 17, 2015:
”I was hired by the Atomic Energy Commission as a radiological monitor at the “Rad Lab,” University of California in Berkeley. While working at the university “Rad Lab,” I was offered a research job at the U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. Chernobyl, which melted down in 1986, is still leaking and the sarcophagus being built to cover it is not finished.
But the most critical site is Fukushima – so radioactive and unstable that it may never be contained. Four years after the Fukushima nuclear plant meltdown, radioactive materials continue to flow into the air and ocean. Given that it takes 10 half-lives for an isotope to completely decay, for sr-90 and cs-137, that will be nearly three centuries. In one lifetime our world has become a massive dumping ground – toxic in various ways to all life.”
American Chemical Society Environmental Science & Technology (pdf), Apr. 29, 2014
: “135Cs/137Cs Isotopic Ratio as a New Tracer of Radiocesium Released from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Many important issues with respect to its atmospheric transport, deposition processes, and distributions in terrestrial and marine environments remain to be investigated. It has been estimated that “80% of the atmospherically released 137Cs was deposited in the western North Pacific Ocean, in addition to 137Cs directly discharged into the ocean. Continuous input of 137Cs into the ocean due to river runoff of the 137Cs deposited in heavily contaminated Fukushima forest soil can be expected.
Recent studies have revealed the start of the transport of the Fukushima accident-sourced 137Cs into the ocean interior. It is predicted that in 30 years the Fukushima accident-derived 137Cs will come back to the ocean surface in the western North Pacific Ocean off the Fukushima coast through its transport by the Kuroshio current.
Thus, to understand the environmental behavior and the fate of Fukushima accident-sourced radionuclides in the environment, a powerful Cs tracer is strongly required, because the currently widely used 134Cs/137Cs activity ratio tracer will become unavailable in several years because of the rapid decay of 134Cs. 135Cs has a half-life of 2 x 10^6 [2.3 million] years; therefore, we are confident that the 135Cs/137Cs isotopic ratio can be considered as a new powerful tracer for long-term source identification and environmental behavior studies.
This study was supported partially by the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan [7 of study's 8 authors are from Japan's National Institute of Radiological Sciences]“
Nuclear analyst John Large, July 9, 2014:
”The cores remain active for hundreds, if not thousands, of years, so there’s a commitment to keep either the ice wall technology in place or to replace it with an alternate technology by some future generation. Water is coming off the escarpment above the three reactors, it’s then percolating through the ground, there’s hydrostatic pressures pushing the water up toward the sea level; it’s then collecting the fission products and radioactive products from the melted-down cores and taken out to sea. What I think they should now have a plan to tackle the root cause;
How do you control, manage and eventually remove the reactor cores? If the reactor cores remain in there, it’s going to be a constant leachate (water that percolates through a solid and leaches out some of the constituents) of radioactivity.” Watch the interview with Large here
RIA Novosti, Jun 15, 2011
: “Ocean currents ultimately carry this radioactive material to N. America. Jeff Feldner, Oregon Sea Grant Extension (NOAA) fisheries specialist (at 2:30 in): It’s probable that, for one thing, a lot of the larger animals got out of there quickly. The other thing is that I suspect animals, like whales for instance, I think they would probably be able to tell that something was wrong. They’re very, very intelligent animals. They’re not going to just wait until they start to die off. I think they’re probably likely going to voluntarily gotten out of the area.” Watch Feldner’s interview here
“Radioactive material has been flowing into the Pacific
since the Fukushima disaster began 3 years ago. Scientists say its leading edge made it across the ocean by Summer 2013. Soon after, reports began to appear about unprecedented concentrations of large marine animals congregating close to shore along the west coast:
Dec. 21, 2013
: “Unprecedented activity” near Canada’s West Coast: Whales in record numbers, displaying highly unusual behavior — Expert: “Problems in Pacific could be bringing sea life to area; “Something’s amiss out there”
Nov. 30, 2013:
”Whale Expert near Vancouver: “In 30 years I’ve never ever seen this kind of behavior, They must sense this is a safe place to be.” — Captain: “I’ve never seen anything like it in 50 years on Pacific — “One even placed its head on the boat.”
Nov. 30, 2013: CBS News
: “100s of whales in bay on California coast; It’s never been like this, we just can’t even believe it — Experts: We just aren’t sure what’s going on; “A once-in-a-lifetime chance… unheard of, it’s unbelievable, nobody’s seen this.” (VIDEO)
Nov. 25, 2013: NYTimes:
”Unprecedented concentration of sea creatures near shore in California; Experts baffled, longtime residents astounded — Biologist: “It’s a very strange year… The $64,000 question is why?” — Similar to ‘extraordinary’ events seen recently along Canada’s Pacific coast?” (VIDEO)
Nov. 7, 2013:
‘Extraordinary’ string of whale and dolphin encounters off Canada’s Pacific coast “could have a deeper meaning” — Indigenous Academic Adviser: “We see them as our relatives, as ancestors… It’s for the better of all of us to listen.” (VIDEO)