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How Safe Are Your Bug Out Escape Routes? 7 Ways To Get There Safely

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60+ Preparedness Resources for Bugging Out and Building a Bug Out Bag

No matter how well you prepare, there are always unforeseen circumstance beyond your control that will dictate your next move.

All preppers must have a quality bugout plan if they want to survive a doomsday disaster (not just an emergency). Even if you live on an amazing survival retreat and envision bugging in after the SHTF, a day could come when remaining on your homestead would no longer be an option.

There are three very important things you will need when developing a bugout plan – pen, paper, and time.

Spending just an hour or two conducting an inventory of your preps, and mapping out a TEOTWAWKI escape route simply will not suffice. Realistically, it will take not only multiple planning sessions but practice runs to find out if the bugout plan suits all the family’s needs and actually works when enacted in a real-world disaster scenario.

Creating a bugout plan is a monumental task which will likely feel overwhelming even for a seasoned prepper. Breaking down the plan into actionable segments is an essential part of the process.

If conditions beyond your control force you out of your home, do you have a plan to safely evacuate to a more secure location, and even more importantly, do you have a plan in place to handle various problems you may encounter?

In this video, we’ll look at the 7 things you should include in your bug out plan to make sure you can safely arrive.

City Prepping  How Safe Are Your Bug Out Escape Routes? 7 Ways To Get There Safely

If you’re a newbie and haven’t gotten the chance to grow your stockpile to the level you intended it, again, you might need critical items.

The 4 Layers of Bulletproof Prepping

It’s much better to prepare for the layers I’m about to give you, so you don’t feel overwhelmed with all of this information.

layer 1 preparedness

Layer 1: Your 72-Hour Emergency Plan (for absolute beginners)

The first thing you need to worry about is having the basics down to survive at least 72 hours. Most smaller-scale disasters don’t last longer than this, so it makes sense to take care of this first.

To successfully pass the “prepping for beginners” Level 1, you will need:

  • DIY bug out bag (BOB for short)
  •  
  • DIY first-aid kit (FAK for short)
  •  
  • a bug-out location (a place to evacuate to should something happen)
  •  
  • a bug out vehicle
  •  
  • a few basic survival skills and a few specialized for urban scenarios if you live in the city
  • general physical preparation (GPP), meaning you need to be a little stronger, faster, more flexible and have more stamina; nothing too fancy, you just need to get a little bit into shape
  •  
  • at least a couple of ways to start a fire (think Bic lighters, magnesium fire starters, steel wool and a 9V battery, waterproof matches etc.)
  •  
  • at least one way to filter water such as the LifeStraw
  •  
  • at least a couple of ways to light your way (such as hand crank flashlights, candles etc.)
  •  
  • multi-purpose survival items such as duct tape, mil-spec 550 Paracord, baking soda, bleach
  •  
  • one emergency thermal blanket per person
  •  
  • Think about one-way and two-way emergency communications (you need to be the first to know when things go bad and you need ways to contact your family, the police, the ambulance and so on). At the very least, you should have an AM/FM emergency radio and extra batteries.
  •  
  • you need at least one home defense gun and several alternative weapons. If the law doesn’t allow it, you may be interested in making or buying airsoft guns.
  •  
  • a 3-day water stockpile (at least 1 gallon / person / day)
  •  
  • a 72-hour stockpile of food (consider at least 2,500 calories / person / day and don’t forget your pets)

    food supplies 100 dollars

  • Designate a safe-room to hide into as a last resort.
  •  
  • Fortify your home against burglars and home invaders. Set up early warning systems on your property, security cameras alarm system stickers, get a dog, maybe even a few “surprises”.
  •  
  • Know your bug-out routes. mark them on printed and laminated maps. Focus on the ones that are less likely to get crowded when everyone’s trying to get out of the city (forest roads, train tracks etc.).
  •  
  • Get a good fixed-blade survival knife or, at the very least, a good folding knife.
  •  
  • Get a good multi-tool.
  •  
  • Worry about COMSEC and OPSEC. As one of my readers simplified it, COMSEC is about your resources, OPSEC is about how you deploy those preps.
  •  
  • Do not neglect mental preparation and develop your “fight or flight” instinct.

Remember the rule of threes: you can live 3 minutes without air, 3 hours without shelter, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food.

layer 2 preparedness

Layer 2: Your 3-Week Plan

Obviously, your three week plan should expand on the previous one. I advise you to NOT move to level 2 until you’ve fully taken care of level 1.

Of course, there are exceptions. For instance, you may want to buy food in bulk that’s gonna last you a lot more than 3 days.

Here’s what you should do or improve to prepare for a catastrophe that will last at least three weeks:

  • Think about shelter in case you’re out in the woods somewhere. A 2-person tent is a great choice..

    wooden lean-to shelter

  • Learn about all the ways to find water.
  •  
  • Learn and prepare for more ways to start a fire.
  •  
  • Expand your first aid kit with more band-aids and basic OTC medication. Add some first aid items for your pets and animals, and learn some basic pet emergency treatments.
  •  
  • Build a 3-week water supply. Use BPA-free 55 gallon water storage barrels.
  •  
  • Build a 3-week food supply by focusing on foods with long shelf life and means to properly store them. This list will help but you can start with:
    • white rice,
    • dried beans,
    • pasta,
    • canned fruits and veggies,
    • honey,
    • peanut butter,
    • salt and sugar,
    • jams & jellies
  •  
  • Since things will go from bad to worse, you need to be able to blend in withe everyone else and avoid being a target. Avoid looking cleaner, healthier and happier than everyone else.
  •  
  • water shortage
  •  
  • Start reorganizing your home to accommodate your increasing stockpile.
  •  
  • Make further improvements to your home, so it makes it in case of a tornado, earthquake or a flood.
  •  
  • Consider as many bug out locations as possible (a relative’s house in another state, a lake cabin, even an empty piece of land where you can camp).
  •  
  • Make sure there’s always enough gas in your car to reach your bug out location and keep an extra gas can in the trunk.
  •  
  • Take a first aid class, plus yearly refresher courses.
  •  
  • Don’t neglect firearms. Get a second one, stock up on ammo, get a gun cleaning kit and use it regularly.
  •  
  • Expect to abandon your vehicle at some point during the bug out, so keep items that will help you keep moving:
    • a skateboard, a kids scooter, even an inflatable canoe
    •  
  • Assemble a get home bag (GHB), a car bug out bag (car BOB) and an everyday carry kit (EDC).
  •  
  • Consider stashing some food for your pets and farmyard animals.
  •  
  • Exercise 2-3 times a week to stay in shape.

layer 2 preparedness

Layer 3: Your 3-Month Emergency Plan

A three months+ disaster means a lot of bad things will happen. Since most people won’t last for more than 3 weeks without food, the ones that do probably have a lot of power: guns, ammo, food, communications, physical strength and so on.

These people are going to be more dangerous, than your typical unarmed zombie begging for food, because they know exactly swhat they’re doing.

Depending on the nature of the disaster, there are certain things you need to consider:

  • Martial Law may be in effect, meaning the Government will be gone.
  •  
  • There might be no law at all, meaning gangs of people would rule regions or just certain areas and neighborhoods.
  •  
  • Many of your liberties will be gone, including the right to free speech or to a fair trial.
  •  
  • Federal agents may knock on your door and take away your supplies to share them with others.
  •  
  • You might be under foreign occupation.
  •  
  • The power grid may be down (it’s weak as it is).
  •  
  • Food and water will be rationed.
  •  
  • The transportation system will be down, meaning no food or water in stores.

Consider the following for your 3-month emergency plan:

  • Get more guns and stock up on ammo.
  •  
  • Split your preps between your home and your bug out location because you don’t know where you’ll end up.
  •  
  • Save more food for your pets and animals and make sure your cat or dog has its own bug out bag.
  •  
  • Come up with the disaster scenarios that are most likely to happen, develop plans of what you can do in each of them and practice them (ideally with your family).
  •  
  • Start growing a small garden, maybe just a few vehhiesin pots or buckets.
  •  
  • Get a generator and stock up on fuel, to keep your family warm, cook and use your devices should the power grid go down for extended periods of time.
  •  
  • Learn and practice self-defense moves.
  •  
  • Improve your health by reducing carbs intake, focusing on clean food and exercising.
  •  
  • Get a really good survival knife and keep your folding one as a back-up.
  •  
  • Make sure you have means of cooking without electricity (propane or alcohol stoves).
  •  
  • Have plans B and C for everything. Stay flexible because in a disaster, if anything can go wrong, it probably will.

layer 2 preparedness

Layer 4: Prepping for a One Year+ Disaster

OK, this isn’t exactly part of the “prepping 101” thing but, if you’re ready for the ultimate level, here’s what you should do:

  • Start stockpiling seeds to ensure you have fresh, delicious foods for the long term.
  •  
  • Rotate your food stockpile at least twice a year (when you change the clock back and forth is a good idea) or even make survival food part of your weekly diet.
  •  
  • Don’t stockpile foods you don’t usually eat or you’re allergic to.
  •  
  • Go off grid. Become a homesteader.
    • Start using alternate ways to collect energy.
    • Start collecting rainwater.
    • Learned advanced skills to be able to fix and do things on your own, such as woodworking, plumbing, sewing, gutting animals, working with clay and on and on.
    • Start a survival garden.
    • Consider an aquaponics system.
    • Start raising backyard animals such as chickensgoats, ducks, pigs etc.
    •  
    • How Safe Are Your Bug Out Escape Routes? 7 Ways To Get There ...
    •  
  • Learn to make foods with a long shelf life such as bannock breadhardtack and jerky.
  •  
  • Learn canning (water bath and pressure), so you can grow your stockpile really cheaply.
  •  
  • Build a network of like-minded people that are as (geographically) close to you as possible.
  •  
  • Learn bushcraft skills to be able to survive in the most adverse conditions. Things like:
  • Focus on renewable sources of food, water and on medicinal plants (start a garden, start raising some
  • chickens etc.).
  •  
  • Stock up on even more water (hopefully you have the space).
  •  
  • Get out of debt.
  •  
  • Consider growing medicinal herbs, plus learning how to use them in an emergency, when doctors may not be available.
  •  
  • Consider homeschooling your children.
  •  
  • Consider selling your home and moving to a small town, or, at the very least, to the suburbs.
  •  
  • Following the “two is one, one is none rule”, start doubling some of your most important items:
    • Get a second survival knife, a skinning knife and a few more back-ups
    • Diversify your means to start a fire. Stock up on tinder, kindling, wood and other fuel.
    • Get more water filters
    • Get more flashlights, and also consider chemlights, lanterns and solar yard lights.
    •  
  • Get a 4X4 vehicle. It’s a much better choice for bugging out.
  •  
  • Consider all the places to hide your preps, including fake air vents or burying them in your back yard.
  •  
  • Learn to recognize and forage wild edibles. These aren’t just backup food sources, they’re jam-packed with vitamins and fiber.
  •  
  • Modify your home and bug out location to keep it cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
  •  
  • Get a dental kit and pay extra attention to your teeth: brush, floss and use mouthwash. If you get a cavity or some other dental issue post-collapse, it’ll be pretty much impossible (or at least very expensive) to take care of.
  •  
  • Get ready to build a post-collapse society with you as its leader. Make sure you have extra room for family and close friends, who might come to your survival retreat.
  •  
  • In short, urban areas can be a headache when trying to bug out after a disaster. However, if you’re prepared ahead of time, you’ll greatly increase your chances of making it out of the city in a timely manner (and alive). Always have at least one backup plan, although it’s best to have two or three. This way if Murphy’s Law (anything that can go wrong, will go wrong) comes to fruition, you have another solid way out.
  • Survival Prepping 17 Items For Your Bug-Out Bag | Survival ...

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