Read the story here. Advertise at Before It's News here.
Profile image
Story Views
Last hour:
Last 24 hours:

TGD as it is towards end of 2024: part II

% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.

This article is the second part of the article trying to give a rough overall view about Topological Geometrodynamics (TGD) as it is towards the end of 2024. Various views about TGD and their relationship are discussed at the general level. In the first part of the article the geometric and number theoretic visions of TGD were discussed.

In the first part of the article the two visions of TGD: physics as geometry and physics as number theory were discussed. The second part is devoted to the details of M8-H duality relating these two visions, to zero energy ontology (ZEO), and to a general view about scattering amplitudes.

Classical physics is coded either by the space-time surfaces of H or by 4-surfaces of M8 with Euclidean signature having associative normal space, which is metrically M4. M8-H duality as the analog of momentum-position duality relates geometric and number theoretic views. The pre-image of causal diamond cd, identified as the intersection of oppositely directed light-cones, at the level of M8 is a pair of half-light-cones. M8-H duality maps the points of cognitive representations as momenta of fermions with fixed mass m in M8 to hyperboloids of CDsubset H with light-cone proper time a= heff/m.

Holography can be realized in terms of 3-D data in both cases. In H the holographic dynamics is determined by generalized holomorphy leading to an explicit general expression for the preferred extremals, which are analogs of Bohr orbits for particles interpreted as 3-surfaces. At the level of M8 the dynamics is determined by associativity of the normal space.

Zero energy ontology (ZEO) emerges from the holography and means that instead of 3-surfaces as counterparts of particles their 4-D Bohr orbits, which are not completely deterministic, are the basic dynamical entities. Quantum states would be superpositions of these and this leads to a solution of the basic problem of the quantum measurement theory. It also leads also to a generalization of quantum measurement theory predicting that in the TGD counterpart of the ordinary state function reduction, the arrow of time changes.

A rather detailed connection with the number theoretic vision predicting a hierarchy of Planck constants labelling phases of the ordinary matter behaving like dark matter and ramified primes associated with polynomials determining space-time regions as labels of p-adic length scales. There has been progress also in the understanding of the scattering amplitudes and it is now possible to identify particle creation vertices as singularities of minimal surfaces associated with the partonic orbits and fermion lines at them. Also a connection with exotic smooth structures identifiable as the standard smooth structure with defects identified as vertices emerges.

See the article TGD as it is towards end of 2024: part II or the chapter with the same title.

For a summary of earlier postings see Latest progress in TGD.

For the lists of articles (most of them published in journals founded by Huping Hu) and books about TGD see this.


Before It’s News® is a community of individuals who report on what’s going on around them, from all around the world.

Anyone can join.
Anyone can contribute.
Anyone can become informed about their world.

"United We Stand" Click Here To Create Your Personal Citizen Journalist Account Today, Be Sure To Invite Your Friends.

Lion’s Mane Mushroom Nootropic

Mushrooms are having a moment. One fabulous fungus in particular, lion’s mane, may help improve memory, depression and anxiety symptoms. They are also an excellent source of nutrients that show promise as a therapy for dementia, and other neurodegenerative diseases. If you’re living with anxiety or depression, you may be curious about all the therapy options out there — including the natural ones.Our Lion’s Mane WHOLE MIND Nootropic Blend has been formulated to utilize the potency of Lion’s mane but also include the benefits of four other Highly Beneficial Mushrooms. Synergistically, they work together to Build your health through improving cognitive function and immunity regardless of your age. Our Nootropic not only improves your Cognitive Function and Activates your Immune System, But it benefits growth of Essential Gut Flora, further enhancing your Vitality.


Our Formula includes: Lion’s Mane Mushrooms which Increase Brain Power through nerve growth, lessen anxiety, reduce depression, and improve concentration. Its an excellent adaptogen, promotes sleep and improves immunity.

Shiitake Mushrooms which Fight cancer cells and infectious disease, boost the immune system, promotes brain function, and serves as a source of B vitamins.

Maitake Mushrooms which regulate blood sugar levels of diabetics, reduce hypertension and boosts the immune system.

Reishi Mushrooms which Fight inflammation, liver disease, fatigue, tumor growth and cancer. They Improve skin disorders and soothes digestive problems, stomach ulcers and leaky gut syndrome.

Chaga Mushrooms which have anti-aging effects, boost immune function, improve stamina and athletic performance, even act as a natural aphrodisiac, fighting diabetes and improving liver function.

Try Our Lion’s Mane WHOLE MIND Nootropic Blend 60 Capsules Today. Be 100% Satisfied or Receive a Full Money Back Guarantee. Order Yours Today by Following This Link.

Report abuse


Your Comments
Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

Load more ...




Email this story
Email this story

If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.