The ability to make and maintain a fire is a significant psychological factor that will push you to go further and survive. You won’t give up if you manage to build a shelter and make a fire, to make a temporary “home”. Making a fire can be simple, but making the right type of fire and knowing how to use it is something totally different.
There are many different types of fire to choose from and it all depends on what you need the fire for. Each fire type described in this article suits a particular kind of needs. You have to know how to craft it and how to make the best use of it.
When you are making a fire in the wild, your primary consideration shout be the function of the fire and for some, warmth is the most urgent requirement. Depending on the fire type, you can also use it for: cooking, drying wet clothing, signaling or even disposing of waste.
Before you make a fire, you should also consider the availability of the elements you need to build it. Is the fuel enough for your needs? Is the ground prepared for making a fire? Estimate how much you think you need and double it, just to make sure you succeed.
Below you can see how to make a certain fire type and what to use it for:
Fire Type: Teepee
How to make it: You put a tinder ball on the ground and you surround it with kindling in the shape of a teepee. In order for the fire to last you have to arrange small, medium and large fuel logs in a square at the food of the teepee. When making a teepee fire, we have to keep in mind that this fire type requires lots of fuel, so firewood has to be abundant.
Why should you make such a fire type and how to use it: This fire type is quick to light and you have the advantage to burn wet wood. The inner fire will help to dry and burn the wet wood so you don’t have to worry and search for dry firewood. This fire type is used mainly for warmth and cooking, but if you are in distress you can also use it for signaling (if you burn green vegetation).
Related reading: How to signal for help in the wild
Fire Type: Long Log
How to make it: To make this fire type you will have to dig a 6 feet (2m) ditch that will house the tinder, kindling and fuel wood. Once you light the fire and it starts burning constantly you have to lay two long fuel logs on top of it. You have to be in a forested area in order to build this fire type. You will require long logs and it works best if the fuel logs are dry.
Why should you make such a fire type and how to use it: The long log fire is ideal to keep warmth during cold weather and many hikers used this method to stay warm since this fire type emits a great deal of heat. You can build a fire either side of you, just to be sure you’ve done it the right way. This fire type is a long-lasting one and it can stay a light all night. It can also be used for cooking once embers have formed.
Related reading: Improvised survival cooking
Fire Type: Stone-lined
How to make it: In order to build this fire type you need to find some large non-porous rocks and arrange them in a circle. Once you have a nice round shape you place the tinder ball in the middle with kindling around it. Once the fire is established you can add fuel logs for as long as you consider. This fire type is ideal for windy locations and it has a minimal impact on the environment.
Why should you make such a fire type and how to use it: By using this type of fire you will be able to reduce the fire’s impact on the environment. The stones will shelter fire from wind and you won’t have to pay close attention to it. It is the most common fire type and it is used for warmth and cooking. Just like the teepee fire, it can also be used in case you need to signal for help.
Fire Type: Automatic
How to make it: To make this type of fire you have to dig a hole that is 3 feet (1m)deep. Once you have the hole ready you have to line it with non-porous stones so that it doesn’t collapse. Put tinder and kindling inside and make sure to rest large logs against the sides of the hole. These logs will drop down as they burn, creating more fuel for the fire.
Why should you make such a fire type and how to use it: This fire type is made in an environment with sandy earth where digging can be done easier. It’s a self-feeding fire that once lit, will no longer require you to add fuel. Its main use is for cooking but also for signaling. Some people prefer to cover it with large rocks once the fuel logs dropped and use it for baking.
Check out the other types of fire you can make. Read the rest of the article here>>>>
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