What was the Stolen Generation?
Undoubtedly, history has seen many chapters with blatant human rights violations and picturesque Australia is no exception. Between 1910 and 1970, approximately 100,000 Aboriginal children were forcibly taken away from their families and homes. These children are now commonly referred to as the Stolen Generation.
In 1905, Western Australia implemented the Aborigines Act which removed the legal guardianship of Aboriginal parents. Other states also enacted new laws to legalize the widespread relocation of (primarily) half indigenous children.
A range of deceitful means were used to remove babies and young children from their mothers. Some children were simply taken away from their homes by government officials. Too young to have realized the truth, these children were told that they were orphans and put in orphanages before relocation to a new ‘white’ family.
In one particular case, a mother “voluntarily released” her baby without knowledge of the true intentions of the state. She was supposedly given a consent form for a routine vaccination, however, in reality she authorized for her daughter to be sent to foster care. She was told that her daughter had died, when in fact the girl was alive and well and residing with a new family.
The official objective of the “resocialization” program was to improve the integration of indigenous children in to modern – in other words, European-Australian – society. Yet, recent statistics have shown that there is no tangible proof of a better life for “removed” children. In fact, studies have shown that these children were less likely to have completed a secondary education, twice as likely to use illegal drugs, and three times as likely to have acquired a police record.
After the removal from their birth families, the Aboriginal children were sent to institutional facilities operated by religious or charitable organizations. Many, particularly girls, were subsequently fostered out to new families.
The white families that signed up as foster families where led to believe that they were being benevolent. False rumors that these children had been living in terrible conditions were widespread, however, stories of grieving birth families and numerous abuses inflicted upon the adopted children were left out of the official records.
It wasn’t until 1995 that a national investigation was introduced to determine how the government could ameliorate these atrocities. Eventually, a document known as the “Bringing Them Home” report, published by the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission in 1997, detailed more than 50 recommendations on how the government could rectify the pain caused by their actions.
Yet, the prime Minister at the time, John Howard, still refused to make a formal apology, fearing that this would open a Pandora’s box to lawsuits and demands for financial compensation from indigenous families.
Not until 2008, when Prime Minister Kevin Rudd was elected, did the country issue a formal apology. However, financial compensation to the wronged has yet to be administered. The Prime Minister flatly rejected the establishment of a national fund for compensation and only a handful of cases were heard by the Supreme Court.