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Paris Agreement – Status of Ratification

Friday, November 4, 2016 21:27
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Paris Agreement - Status of Ratification  
  http://unfccc.int/paris_agreement/items/9444.php    
97
97 Parties have ratified of 197 Parties to the Convention
On 5 October 2016, the threshold for entry into force of the Paris Agreement was achieved. The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016. The first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA1) will take place in Marrakech in conjunction with COP 22 and CMP 12. More information available soon.

The Paris Agreement pdf-icon entered into force on 4 November 2016, thirty days after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 % of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Depositary.

The list below contains the latest information concerning dates of signature and receipt of instruments of ratification by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, as Depositary of the Kyoto Protocol. The dates in the third column are those of the receipt of the instrument of ratification, acceptance (A) or approval (AA).

Authoritative information on the status of the Paris Agreement, including information on signatories to the Agreement, ratification and entry into force, is provided by the Depositary, through the United Nations Treaty Collection website, which can be accessed here, and the Depositary Notifications which are available here.

Background information related to the ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Paris Agremeent, as well as its entry into force can be found here.


Paris Agreement
  Paris, 12 December 2015

Entry into force: 4 November 2016

Status: Signatories: 193. Parties: 97

Note: The Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 at the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change held in Paris from 30 November to 13 December 2015. In accordance with its article 20, the Agreement shall be open for signature at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 until 21 April 2017 by States and regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Participant Signature Ratification
Acceptance (A)
Approval (AA)
AFGHANISTAN 22 Apr 2016
ALBANIA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
ALGERIA 22 Apr 2016 20 Oct 2016
ANDORRA 22 Apr 2016
ANGOLA 22 Apr 2016
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
ARGENTINA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
ARMENIA 20 Sep 2016
AUSTRALIA 22 Apr 2016
AUSTRIA 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
AZERBAIJAN 22 Apr 2016
BAHAMAS 22 Apr 2016 22 Aug 2016
BAHRAIN 22 Apr 2016
BANGLADESH 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
BARBADOS 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
BELARUS 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016 A
BELGIUM* 22 Apr 2016
BELIZE 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
BENIN 22 Apr 2016 31 Oct 2016
BHUTAN 22 Apr 2016
BOLIVIA (PLURINATIONAL  STATE OF) 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA 22 Apr 2016
BOTSWANA 22 Apr 2016
BRAZIL 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
BULGARIA 22 Apr 2016
BURKINA FASO 22 Apr 2016
BURUNDI 22 Apr 2016
CABO VERDE 22 Apr 2016
CAMBODIA 22 Apr 2016
CAMEROON 22 Apr 2016 29 Jul 2016
CANADA 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC 22 Apr 2016 11 Oct 2016
CHAD 22 Apr 2016
CHILE 20 Sep 2016
CHINA* 22 Apr 2016 3 Sep 2016
COLOMBIA 22 Apr 2016
COMOROS 22 Apr 2016
CONGO 22 Apr 2016
COOK ISLANDS* 24 Jun 2016 1 Sep 2016
COSTA RICA 22 Apr 2016 13 Oct 2016
COTE D’IVOIRE 22 Apr 2016 25 Oct 2016
CROATIA 22 Apr 2016
CUBA 22 Apr 2016
CYPRUS 22 Apr 2016
CZECH REPUBLIC 22 Apr 2016
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA 22 Apr 2016 1 Aug 2016
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO 22 Apr 2016
DENMARK (1) 22 Apr 2016 1 Nov 2016 (A)
DJIBOUTI 22 Apr 2016
DOMINICA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 22 Apr 2016
ECUADOR 26 July 2016
EGYPT 22 Apr 2016
EL SALVADOR 22 Apr 2016
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 22 Apr 2016
ERITREA 22 Apr 2016
ESTONIA 22 Apr 2016
ETHIOPIA 22 Apr 2016
EUROPEAN UNION* 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
FIJI 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
FINLAND 22 Apr 2016
FRANCE 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
GABON 22 Apr 2016 2 Nov 2016
GAMBIA 26 Apr 2016
GEORGIA 22 Apr 2016
GERMANY 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
GHANA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
GREECE 22 Apr 2016 14 Oct 2016
GRENADA 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
GUATEMALA 22 Apr 2016
GUINEA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
GUINEA-BISSAU 22 Apr 2016
GUYANA 22 Apr 2016 20 May 2016
HAITI 22 Apr 2016
HONDURAS 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
HUNGARY 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
ICELAND 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016 A
INDIA* 22 Apr 2016 2 Oct 2016
INDONESIA 22 Apr 2016 31 Oct 2016
IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF) 22 Apr 2016
IRELAND 22 Apr 2016
ISRAEL 22 Apr 2016
ITALY 22 Apr 2016
JAMAICA 22 Apr 2016
JAPAN 22 Apr 2016
JORDAN 22 Apr 2016
KAZAKHASTAN 2 Aug 2016
KENYA 22 Apr 2016
KIRIBATI 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
KUWAIT 22 Apr 2016
KYRGYZSTAN 21 Sep 2016
LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 22 Apr 2016 7 Sep 2016
LATVIA 22 Apr 2016
LEBANON 22 Apr 2016
LESOTHO 22 Apr 2016
LIBERIA 22 Apr 2016
LIBYA 22 Apr 2016
LIECHTENSTEIN 22 Apr 2016
LITHUANIA 22 Apr 2016
LUXEMBOURG 22 Apr 2016
MADAGASCAR 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
MALAWI 20 Sep 2016
MALAYSIA 22 Apr 2016
MALDIVES 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
MALI 22 Apr 2016 23 Sep 2016
MALTA 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
MARSHALL ISLANDS* 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
MAURITANIA 22 Apr 2016
MAURITIUS 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
MEXICO* 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
MICRONESIA* (FEDERATED STATES OF) 22 Apr 2016 15 Sep 2016
MONACO 22 Apr 2016 24 Oct 2016
MONGOLIA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
MONTENEGRO 22 Apr 2016
MOROCCO 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
MOZAMBIQUE 22 Apr 2016
MYANMAR 22 Apr 2016
NAMIBIA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
NAURU* 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
NEPAL 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
NETHERLANDS 22 Apr 2016
NEW ZEALAND (2) 22 Apr 2016 4 Oct 2016
NIGER 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
NIGERIA 22 Sep 2016
NIUE* 28 Oct 2016 28 Oct 2016
NORWAY 22 Apr 2016 20 June 2016
OMAN 22 Apr 2016
PAKISTAN 22 Apr 2016
PALAU 22 Apr 2016 22 April 2016
PANAMA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
PAPUA NEW GUINEA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
PARAGUAY 22 Apr 2016 14 Oct 2016
PERU 22 Apr 2016 25 Jul 2016
PHILIPPINES 22 Apr 2016
POLAND* 22 Apr 2016 7 Oct 2016
PORTUGAL 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
QATAR 22 Apr 2016
REPUBLIC OF KOREA 22 Apr 2016 3 Nov 2016
REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA 21 Sep 2016
ROMANIA 22 Apr 2016
RUSSIAN FEDERATION 22 Apr 2016
RWANDA 22 Apr 2016 6 Oct 2016
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS 22 Apr 2016 22 April 2016
SAINT LUCIA 22 Apr 2016 22 April 2016
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 22 Apr 2016 29 Jun 2016
SAMOA 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
SAN MARINO 22 Apr 2016
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE 22 Apr 2016 2 Nov 2016
SAUDI ARABIA  3 Nov 2016  3 Nov 2016  
SENEGAL 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
SERBIA 22 Apr 2016
SEYCHELLES 25 Apr 2016 29 Apr 2016
SIERRA LEONE 22 Sep 2016 1 Nov 2016
SINGAPORE 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
SLOVAKIA 22 Apr 2016 5 Oct 2016
SLOVENIA 22 Apr 2016
SOLOMON ISLANDS* 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
SOMALIA 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
SOUTH AFRICA 22 Apr 2016 1 Nov 2016
SOUTH SUDAN 22 Apr 2016
SPAIN 22 Apr 2016
SRI LANKA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
STATE OF PALESTINE 22 Apr 2016 22 Apr 2016
SUDAN 22 Apr 2016
SURINAME 22 Apr 2016
SWAZILAND 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
SWEDEN 22 Apr 2016 13 Oct 2016
SWITZERLAND 22 Apr 2016
TAJIKISTAN 22 Apr 2016
THAILAND 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA 22 Apr 2016
TIMOR-LESTE 22 Apr 2016
TOGO 19 Sep 2016
TONGA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 22 Apr 2016
TUNISIA 22 Apr 2016
TURKEY 22 Apr 2016
TURKMENISTAN 23 Sep 2016 21 Oct 2016
TUVALU* 22 Apr 2016 22 April 2016
UGANDA 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
UKRAINE 22 Apr 2016 19 Sep 2016
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016 A
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND 22 Apr 2016
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA 22 Apr 2016
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 22 Apr 2016 3 Sep 2016 A
URUGUAY 22 Apr 2016 19 Oct 2016
VANUATU* 22 Apr 2016 21 Sep 2016
VENEZUELA (BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF) 22 Apr 2016
VIET NAM 22 Apr 2016 3 Nov 2016 AA
YEMEN 23 Sep 2016
ZAMBIA 20 Sep 2016
ZIMBABWE 22 Apr 2016

(1) With territorial exclusion in respect of Greenland. See pdf-icon C.N.819.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.7.d of 1 November 2016.
(2) With a territorial exclusion. See pdf-icon C.N.723.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.7.d of 4 October 2016.6.

*Declarations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)

Belgium
Declaration made upon signature:
“This signature engages also the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.”

China
Declaration:
In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Agreement applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Cook Islands
Declaration:
The Government of the Cook Islands declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of the Cook Islands further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.

European Union
Declaration:
“Declaration by the Union made in accordance with Article 20(3) of the Paris Agreement The following States are at present Members of the European Union: the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, Ireland, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Republic of Croatia, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, Romania, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The European Union declares that, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 191 and Article 192(1) thereof, it is competent to enter into international agreements, and to implement the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives: – preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment; – protecting human health; – prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources; – promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, and in particular combating climate change. … The European Union will continue to provide information, on a regular basis on any substantial modifications in the extent of its competence, in accordance with Article 20(3) of the Agreement.”

India
Declaration:
“The Government of India declares its understanding that, as per its national laws; keeping in view its development agenda, particularly the eradication of poverty and provision of basic needs for all its citizens, coupled with its commitment to following the low carbon path to progress, and on the assumption of unencumbered availability of cleaner sources of energy and technologies and financial resources from around the world; and based on a fair and ambitious assessment of global commitment to combating climate change, it is ratifying the Paris Agreement.”

Marshall Islands
Declaration:
“…the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares its understanding that ratification of the Paris Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under any other laws, including international law, and the communication depositing the Republic’s instrument of ratification shall include a declaration to this effect for international record; FURTHERMORE, the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares that, in light of best scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent global temperature increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-Industrial levels and as a consequence, will have severe implications for our national interests…”

Mexico
Interpretative declaration:
… in accordance with their national legal framework, and in consideration of the best and most up-to-date scientific information available and incorporated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United Mexican States understands greenhouse gas emissions to mean the release into the atmosphere of greenhouse gases and/or their precursors and aerosols into the atmosphere, including, where applicable, greenhouse compounds, within a specific area and during a specific period of time.

Micronesia (Federated States of)
Declaration:
“The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia declares its understanding that its ratification of the Paris Agreement does not constitute a renunciation of any rights of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change, and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation and liability due to the adverse effects of climate change; and The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessments on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in the Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature increase above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels, and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for the national interests of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia.”

Nauru
Declaration:
“… the Government, of Nauru declares its understanding that the ratification of the Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility [for] the adverse effects of climate change. FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares that no provisions in the Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from the principles of general international law. AND FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares its understanding that Article 8 and decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 51 in no way limits the ability of Parties to UNFCCC or the Agreement to raise, discuss, or address any present or future concerns regarding the issues of liability and compensation. The Republic of Nauru put forth its concern intended to recognize and acknowledge its national interest…”

Niue
Declaration:
“The Government of Niue declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change.
The Government of Niue further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.”

Poland
Declaration made upon signature:
“The Government of the Republic of Poland recognizes that under Article 9 paragraph 1 of the Paris Agreement developed country Parties shall provide financial resources to assist developing country Parties with respect to both mitigation and adaptation in continuation of their existing obligations under the Convention. In this context the Government of the Republic of Poland notes that Poland is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change not included in Annex II.”

Solomon Islands
Declaration:
“… the Government of Solomon Islands declares its understanding that acceptance of the aforesaid Paris Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change; FURTHER, that the Government of Solomon Islands declares that no provision in this Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to impacts of climate change; AND that the Government of Solomon Islands declares that the low ambition of the Paris Agreement and its adequacy to stabilize global temperature to safe level of below 1.5 degree Celsius, such emissions will have severe impacts and undermining our sustainable development efforts…”

Tuvalu
Declaration:
“The Government of Tuvalu hereby notifies that it will apply the Paris Agreement provisionally as provided for in paragraph 4 of Decision 1/CP.21. […] The Government of Tuvalu further declares its understanding that acceptance of the aforesaid Paris Agreement and its provisional application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of Tuvalu further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.”

Vanuatu
Declaration:
“WHEREAS the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu declares its understanding that ratification of the Paris Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under any other laws, including international law, and the communication depositing the Republic’s instrument of ratification shall include a declaration to this effect for international record; FURTHERMORE, that the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu declares that, in light of best scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent global temperature increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-Industrial levels and as a consequence, will have severe implications for our national interests…”

           

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