Visitors Now:
Total Visits:
Total Stories:
Profile image
By Science and Technology
Contributor profile | More stories
Story Views

Now:
Last Hour:
Last 24 Hours:
Total:

Hope II: A Follow-up to Hawaii’s HOPE Evaluation

Wednesday, September 21, 2016 0:08
% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.

(Before It's News)


Authors: Angela Hawken, Ph.D., Jonathan Kulick, Ph.D., Kelly Smith, Jie Mei, M.P.P., Yiwen Zhang, M.P.P., Sara Jarman, Travis Yu, Chris Carson, Tifanie Vial
Abstract:
Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement program relies on a regimen of regular, random drug testing tied to swift and certain, but modest, sanctions to motivate probationer compliance.
In two 2007 studies in Hawaii, HOPE was demonstrated to improve compliance with terms of probation at a 12-month follow-up, with large reductions in drug use, recidivism, and overall incarceration for offenders assigned to the program.
Following the original evaluations, HOPE was substantially expanded. The program grew from 34 participants in 2004 to approximately 2,200 in 2014.
This study extends the original HOPE evaluations to an almost ten-year follow up, addressing whether the improvements in criminal-justice outcomes observed during the active HOPE intervention persist after the term of probation. The study also documents changes in HOPE practices and ongoing implementation fidelity to the model.
Principal findings include:
1.         HOPE probationers performed better than those supervised under routine supervision. They were less likely to be revoked and returned to prison.
2.         Probationers’ perception of risk of punishment given a violation was higher than probation officers’ estimates, which in turn were higher than researcher estimates of the true risk. HOPE appears to benefit from a reputation effect that exceeds the certainty delivered in practice.
3.         Probation-officer surveys suggest that probation officers support HOPE. It makes them more effective at their job and their probationers are more likely to succeed on HOPE.
Results of this project should inform legislation, policies, and practices in community supervision, as they show that the better outcomes in HOPE versus probation as usual persist to a large degree in some measures, modest sanctions can be effective in a HOPE probation program, and fidelity of implementation can decline once implementation is routine.

Report abuse

Comments

Your Comments
Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

Top Stories
Recent Stories

Register

Newsletter

Email this story
Email this story

If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.