Read the story here. Advertise at Before It's News here.
Profile image
By Alton Parrish (Reporter)
Contributor profile | More stories
Story Views
Last hour:
Last 24 hours:

Vikings Cultivated Marijuana Say Archaeologists

% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.




The Sosteli farmstead, in Norway’s southerm most Vest-Agder County, offers strong evidence that Vikings farmers actively cultivated cannabis, a recent analysis shows. The cannabis remains from the farmstead date from 650 AD to 800 AD.

This is not the first sign of hemp cultivation in Norway this far back in time, but the find is much more extensive than previous discoveries.

“The other instances were just individual finds of pollen grains. Much more has been found here,” says Frans-Arne Stylegar, an archaeologist and the county’s curator.

Marijuana Field
Credit: Wikipedia

Rope and textiles

Remnants of the Iron Age Sosteli farm in Vest-Agder County, Norway’s southernmost. Hemp was cultivated here even before the Viking Age.
 Photo: Morten Teinum/Visit Sørlandet
Sosteli is also further away from current-day settlements than other sites where cannabis finds have been made.

Hemp is the same plant as cannabis, or marijuana. But nothing indicates that the Vikings cultivated the plant to get people high.

Most likely it was grown for making textiles and rope.
Found and forgotten

The material, which re-emerged by chance, stems from a Norwegian-Danish research project at Sosteli in the 1940s and 1950s.

Catherine Jessen of the National Museum of Denmark

.  Photo: Peter Ryan

Scientists took samples of pollen from a bog during the original dig.

“The samples had been forgotten, so it was really exciting to discover them,” says Catherine Jessen of the National Museum of Denmark.

The data was stored in the museum’s archives.

Stylegar and Jessen presented their discovery in a recent issue of the journal Viking.

Jessen is a geologist with pollen sampling as a specialty. She says that the bog where the samples were taken has now been drained. The peat is drier now and the chances of making a similar discovery today would be much slimmer.


Hemp pollen doesn’t carry far in the wind. So scientists think Viking farmers placed the harvested plants on the bogs pretty much where the archaeological samples were found 1,100 years later.

This would be an easy way to keep them damp, facilitating the extraction of the outer fibres.

The archaeological dig at Sosteli in 1954. The man in the foreground is most likely the Norwegian archaeologist Anders Hagen.

  Photo: National Museum of Denmark

The researchers reject the possibility that these were wild plants that had been gathered. This hemp must have been cultivated.

Poorly preserved

“We don’t know if hemp could have been used as a drug. Most of it was probably used in textile production,” says archaeologist Marianne Vedeler at the Museum of Cultural History in Oslo.

Vedeler wasn’t involved in the recent study but she is an expert on textiles from the Viking Age and the Middle Ages.

As with flax, used to make linen, the fibre from the cannabis plant can be used for clothes and other textiles. Hemp, of course, has also been used for rope production right into modern times.

“Hemp has a fibre that can be used like flax, but it is a little coarser,” explains Vedeler.

The challenge for the archaeologists is that ancient textiles made of hemp and flax tend to rot, and thus are rarely well preserved. This makes it hard to say how common it was to use these textiles. Archaeologists know more about the use of wool because its fibres preserve better than plant fibres.

Contacts and sources: 

Nordic Science

More stories: 

The Biggest Government Cover Up Exposed

500 Phases Of Matter: Not Simply Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma

Vikings Cultivated Marijuana Say Archaeologists

Dead Sea Scrolls Now Available On Line

Pyramids In Bosnia – New Research Revealed

A War Is Coming That Will Kill 2.3 Billion Human Beings

Squid Shaped UFO In NASA Photograph

Illegal To Be Fat In Japan Now, Overweight = Lawbreaker 

Hitler’s Gun Control Rant

Tsunami Just Hit New York, Doomsday, 2012 The Ultimate End Of The World Prank 

Dog In China Drives Scooters, Skateboards And Bicycles! 

Unsealed Alien Files UFO Portal Los Angeles

Giant Mothership UFO Caught On NASA/SOHO Sun Images, Dec 20, 2012.

NRA Proposes Armed Guard In Every School, Warns Of Gun Confiscation 

More UFOs Seen Orbiting The Sun In SOHO photos, Dec 18, 2012, Video .

Cop Conducts Shocking Cavity Search On Two Women, Video 

Possible Alien Human Hybrid: THE Detailed Analysis


Before It’s News® is a community of individuals who report on what’s going on around them, from all around the world.

Anyone can join.
Anyone can contribute.
Anyone can become informed about their world.

"United We Stand" Click Here To Create Your Personal Citizen Journalist Account Today, Be Sure To Invite Your Friends.

Please Help Support BeforeitsNews by trying our Natural Health Products below!

Order by Phone at 888-809-8385 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 866-388-7003 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 866-388-7003 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Humic & Fulvic Trace Minerals Complex - Nature's most important supplement! Vivid Dreams again!

HNEX HydroNano EXtracellular Water - Improve immune system health and reduce inflammation

Ultimate Clinical Potency Curcumin - Natural pain relief, reduce inflammation and so much more.

MitoCopper - Bioavailable Copper destroys pathogens and gives you more energy. (See Blood Video)
Oxy Powder - Natural Colon Cleanser!  Cleans out toxic buildup with oxygen! 
Nascent Iodine - Promotes detoxification, mental focus and thyroid health.
Smart Meter Cover -  Reduces Smart Meter radiation by 96%!  (See Video)

Report abuse


    Your Comments
    Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

    Load more ...




    Email this story
    Email this story

    If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

    If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.