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Through My Bible Yr 02 – September 08

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Through My Bible Yr 02 – September 08
1 Chronicles 10 – 11
Through My Bible – September 08

1 Chronicles 10 – 11 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Death of Saul

1 Chronicles 10

The Philistines fought against Israel, and the men of Israel fled from the Philistines and fell mortally wounded at Mount Gilboa. The Philistines were closing in on Saul and his sons. They struck down Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malkishua, the sons of Saul. The attack directed at Saul was fierce. The archers targeted him and hit him, and he was in great pain from his wounds.

Then Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword and run me through so that these uncircumcised fellows do not come and abuse me.”

His armor bearer would not do it because he was too afraid. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it. When the armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died. So Saul died, and his three sons, his entire house, died together.

When all the men of Israel who were in the valley saw that their army had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their cities and fled. Then the Philistines came and lived in them.

On the next day when the Philistines came to strip those who had been killed in the battle, they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. They stripped Saul, carried off his head and his armor, and sent them throughout Philistia to spread the good news to their idols and people. 10 They put Saul’s armor and weapons in the temple of their gods and impaled his skull in the temple of Dagon.

11 The entire city of Jabesh Gilead heard about everything that the Philistines had done to Saul. 12 So all the courageous, strong men set out and carried away the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons. They brought them to Jabesh and buried their bones under the terebinth [1] tree in Jabesh. Then they fasted for seven days.

13 Saul died as a result of the unfaithfulness which he had commited against the Lord by not keeping the Lord’s command and by seeking a medium to direct his actions. 14 He did not seek guidance from the Lord. That is why the Lord brought about his death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

David Becomes King

1 Chronicles 11

All Israel gathered to David at Hebron to say, “Look! We are your flesh and blood. [2]Previously when Saul was king, you led Israel out to battle and back again. Besides, the Lord your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd my people Israel and be leader over my people Israel.’”

All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron. David made a covenant with them there in the presence of the Lord. They anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord from Samuel.

David Captures Jerusalem

David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). The Jebusites were living in that part of the land. Those living in Jebus said to David, “You will not get in here.” Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion, which became the City of David. David had said, “Whoever attacks the Jebusites first will become the head and commander.” Joab son of Zeruiah went up first and became the head. David lived in the stronghold. That is why it is called the City of David. He built up the city all around the stronghold, from the Millo [3] to the surrounding walls. Joab repaired the rest of the city.

David became greater and greater because the Lord of Armies was with him.

David’s Elite Warriors

10 These are the leaders of David’s elite warriors, who built up support for his kingdom throughout all Israel, in order to make him king, according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel.

11 This is the record of David’s elite warriors.

The Three

Jashobeam son of Hakmoni, [4] head of the Thirty, [5] wielded his spear against three hundred, who were killed at one time.

12 After him came Eleazar son of Dodo, the Ahohite. He was in the group of three elite warriors. 13 He was with David at Pas Dammim, where there was a plot of land full of barley, when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. The people had been fleeing from the Philistines, 14 but they took their stand in the middle of that plot of land. They defended it and killed the Philistines. The Lord rescued them with a great victory. [6]

15 Three of the thirty leaders went down to David at the rock by the Cave of Adullam. The army of the Philistines was camping in the Valley of Rephaim. 16 While David was in the stronghold, the garrison of Philistines was in Bethlehem. 17 David expressed this desire: “Who will give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem inside the gate?” 18 The Three broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water from the well [7] of Bethlehem inside the gate. They took it and brought it to David. However, David was not willing to drink it. Instead, he poured it out to the Lord. 19 He said, “I should be cursed by God if I did that. Shall I drink the blood of these men? They risked their lives to bring it to me.” He was not willing to drink it. The three elite warriors carried out these actions.

Other Heroes

20 Abishai, the brother of Joab, was the leader of the Three. He wielded his spear against three hundred and killed them. His reputation equaled that of the Three. [8] 21 He was considered twice as great as the Group of Three. He became their commander. But he did not belong to the Group of Three.

22 Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a courageous man from Kabze’el, did great things. He struck down two Lions of God [9] from Moab. He also went down and killed a lion in a cistern [10] on a snowy day. 23 He also killed an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet tall. The Egyptian was holding a spear like a weaver’s beam. Benaiah went down to him with a staff, snatched the spear from the hand of the Egyptian, and killed him with his own spear. 24 Benaiah son of Jehoiada accomplished these feats. His reputation equaled that of the Three. 25 Among the Thirty he was considered great, but he did not belong to the Three. David placed him over his bodyguards.

26 These were the elite warriors of the armies: [11]

Asahel, the brother of Joab,
Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,
27 Shammoth the Harorite, [12]
Helez the Pelonite,
28 Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoan,
Abiezer from Anathoth,
29 Sibbekai [13] the Hushathite,
Ilai [14] the Ahohite,
30 Mahrai the Netophahite,
Heled son of Ba’anah the Netophahite,
31 Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah of Benjamin,
Benaiah the Pirathonite,
32 Hurai [15] from the ravines of Ga’ash,
Abiel the Arbathite,
33 Azmaveth the Baharumite,
Eliahba the Sha’albonite,
34 the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, [16]
Jonathan son of Shageh the Hararite,
35 Ahiam son of Sakar the Hararite,
Eliphal son of Ur, [17]
36 Hepher the Mekerathite,
Ahijah the Pelonite,
37 Hezro the Carmelite,
Na’arai son of Ezbai,
38 Joel, the brother of Nathan, [18]
Mibhar son of Hagri,
39 Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Berothite, the armor bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
40 Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,
41 Uriah the Hittite,
Zabad son of Ahlai,
42 Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites,
    who had thirty men with him,
43 Hanan son of Ma’akah
and Joshaphat the Mithnite,
44 Uzzia the Ashterathite,
Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,
45 Jediael son of Shimri,
and his brother Joha the Tizite,
46 Eliel the Mahavite
and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elna’am,
and Ithmah the Moabite,
47 Eliel and Obed and Ja’asiel the Mezobaite.


  1. 1 Chronicles 10:12 In 1 Samuel 31:13 it reads tamarisk.
  2. 1 Chronicles 11:1 Literally your bone and flesh
  3. 1 Chronicles 11:8 The Millo was very likely the sloped retaining wall on which the citadel was built.
  4. 1 Chronicles 11:11 Or the Hakmonite
  5. 1 Chronicles 11:11 Or, following the marginal reading, the officers. Some Greek manuscripts read the Three.
  6. 1 Chronicles 11:14 At this point, the account in 2 Samuel includes the story of a third hero, Shamma.
  7. 1 Chronicles 11:18 Or cistern
  8. 1 Chronicles 11:20 Or he had a reputation among the Three
  9. 1 Chronicles 11:22 The Hebrew word ariel seems to be made up of two words, lion and God. It apparently is the title of some type of elite warriors, like Navy Seals.
  10. 1 Chronicles 11:22 Or pit
  11. 1 Chronicles 11:26 There are many variants and spelling differences between this list and the parallel list in 2 Samuel 23. The translation does not take note of all of them. See the more detailed notes in 2 Samuel 23. The list of names in Chronicles is longer than the list in 2 Samuel.
  12. 1 Chronicles 11:27 In 2 Samuel 23:25 the name is Shammah the Harodite. The Hebrew equivalents of d and r look very much alike.
  13. 1 Chronicles 11:29 In 2 Samuel 23:27 this individual’s name is Mebunnai.
  14. 1 Chronicles 11:29 In 2 Samuel 23:28 the variant is Zalmon.
  15. 1 Chronicles 11:32 In 2 Samuel 23:30 the variant is Hiddai.
  16. 1 Chronicles 11:34 In 2 Samuel 23:32 this individual’s name is Jashen.
  17. 1 Chronicles 11:35 In 2 Samuel 23:34 the variant is Eliphelet son of Ahasbai, the son of the Ma’akathite.
  18. 1 Chronicles 11:38 In 2 Samuel 23:36 the variant is Igal son of Nathan from Zobah.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.


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