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Disgraceful: “Respected” economist repeats all the common myths about our economy.

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Imagine someone with these credentials not understanding how federal finance works.

This is a man who spends a good part of his life being asked to pontificate about economics, yet he promulgates the same old intuitive myths that history has disproven.

I’m talking about

“John Howland Cochrane, an American economist specializing in financial economics and macroeconomics. Formerly a professor of economics and finance at the University of Chicago, Cochrane serves as the Rose-Marie and Jack Anderson Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.”

Here he is, on the right, being interviewed on CNN by Michael Smerconish:

John Cochrane (right) being interviewed by Michael Smerconish

I won’t subject you to the entire interview, but rather with the following quotes give you the gist.

John Cochrane: “Sooner or later debt has to be paid off. The real worry for me is there is no plan to pay off this debt.

“Sooner or later bond markets notice you have no plan to pay it off”

Throughout the interview, Cochrane demonstrates he has no idea what Monetary Sovereignty is, and no desire to learn from history.

The federal “debt” (which isn’t really debt as you know it), is instead, the net total of all deposits into Treasury Security accounts.

When you invest in these securities (aka T-bills, T-notes, T-bonds), you actually open a T-security account in your name. It resembles a safe deposit box with one difference: The federal government pays interest into T-security accounts.

The federal government, being Monetarily Sovereign, has the unlimited ability to create its own sovereign currency, the U.S. dollar. Thus, it has no need to borrow dollars and indeed, the federal government does not borrow dollars.

The purpose of normal “borrowing” is to provide the borrower with money to use for some purpose.

But because the federal government has the unlimited ability to create dollars it does not borrow, the T-securities are not “loans,” and the federal “debt” is not a debt.

That is why, for instance, any money you may put into a bank safe deposit box is not considered a debt of the bank, and it is no burden on the bank to “pay off” that box. It simply returns to you what already is yours.

When you open a T-security account, you are aware of the exact date upon which the dollars in the account will be returned to you. That is called the “maturity” date.

During that period of time, your dollars remain in your account, earning interest. They are not used by any agency of the federal government.

At maturity, the dollars in the misnamed “debt”  are paid off (i.e. returned to you) by the simple act of sending the money in your T-security account to your bank checking account.

This is not a burden on the federal government, nor is it a burden on future taxpayers. It is a simple money transfer from one of your bank accounts to another of your bank accounts.

It is not a transfer of dollars from the government to you. “Paying off” federal debt is a transfer of your dollars to yourself.

At one point Cochrane draws a parallel between federal debt and household debt. Thus he demonstrates abject ignorance of federal financing. The federal government is Monetarily Sovereign. You and I are monetarily non-sovereign.

You and I can run short of dollars, which is why we borrow money. The federal government never can run short of dollars, which is why it never borrow moneys.

At one point, Cochrane says:

“The more the government borrows the less is available for private capital.”

This short sentence is wrong on three counts: 

First, the government does not borrow.

Second, the amount available for private capital is based on federal deficit spending and bank lending, not on deposits into T-securities (which in fact are privately owned capital).

Third, according to Cochrane, the federal government has “borrowed” trillions of dollars, yet there is plenty available for private capital. He simply ignores the obvious facts on the ground.

The Cochrane said,

“This is like a financial crisis. It’s like a run on the bank. It’s like an earthquake. You can’t predict it. The sky falls when people lose confidence that the U.S. will pay back the debt.

The next crisis when the U.S. wants to borrow another $10 trillion, and the bond market says, ‘You guys are not worth it.”

The implication is that the federal government can run short of dollars if the “bond market” won’t lend to them. Utter nonsense.

As we’ve said, the federal government does not borrow and cannot run short of dollars. It creates dollars at will, which it surely has proved in the past 12 months by creating trillions of stimulus dollars.

Further, if Cochrane is implying that somehow the federal government will not be able to sell its T-securities, he has it all backward.

The sole purpose of T-securities is not to provide spending money for the government. The sole purposes are:

  1. To help the Federal Reserve control interest rates by setting a bottom rate, and
  2. To provide a safe parking place for unused dollars, which helps stabilize the dollar.

In the event that the federal government wished to sell T-securities but was unable to find a buyer, the Federal Reserve Bank can (and always has) buy whatever it deems necessary.

The Treasury never can be “stuck” with something it really has no need to sell in the first place.

At one point in the interview, Cochrane displays the following graph to shock you:

It shows the absolutely meaningless fraction: Debt/GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

Its rise is a favorite scare tactic by those who cannot explain why the total of deposits into T-security accounts (aka “federal debt”) should have any significant relationship to Gross Domestic Product.

The graph also demonstrates the gigantic increase in the Debt/GDP ratio, which according to debt hawk should by now, have cause an economic disaster of biblical proportions. So where is the disaster?

The fraction Debt/GDP is not predictive of anything and it is not evaluative of anything. It says nothing about future booms, busts, inflations, recessions, depressions, poverty, or prosperity. It is a 100% meaningless fraction that economisfits use all the time.

To demonstrate how meaningless it is, look at these ratios:

Here were some of the lower Debt/GDP ratios a few years ago:

Here were some of the higher Debt/GDP ratios at the same time:

Oh, and did we mention that powerhouse Japan’s ratio was 223?

Niow, looking at just the numbers in these two tables, you would expect Lybia to have the healthiest economy, and Puerto Rice to have the sickest, with the U.S. somewhere in the middle.

So called “economists” ignore these obvious facts.

Finally, after briefly admitting that, yes, the government can’t run short of dollars, Cochrane mumbles something about “that would cause inflation.”

Wrong yet again, Mr. Cochrane. Here are excerpts from an article Cochrane wrote ten years ago:

“For several years, a heated debate has raged among economists and policymakers about whether we face a serious risk of inflation.

“That debate has focused largely on the Federal Reserve — especially on whether the Fed has been too aggressive in increasing the money supply, whether it has kept interest rates too low, and whether it can be relied on to reverse course if signs of inflation emerge.

“But these questions miss a grave danger.

“As a result of the federal government’s enormous debt and deficits, substantial inflation could break out in America in the next few years.”

OMG! That was ten years ago, and this guy still is peddling the same old “federal-debts-cause-inflation” nonsense he spouted way back then (!), and he has learned absolutely nothing since. 

Debt and deficits have grown, while interest rates and inflation have stayed low, and still the same old, same old. 

Oh, but the BS goes on and on: 

“If people become convinced that our government will end up printing money to cover intractable deficits, they will see inflation in the future and so will try to get rid of dollars today — driving up the prices of goods, services, and eventually wages across the entire economy.”

The government has run enormous deficits, and people like Cochrane have been telling the people this would cause inflation.

But being smarter than the know-nothing economists, the people have not tried to “get rid of dollars,” and they have not driven up the prices of goods, services, and sadly, “wages across the country” barely have budged.

“This would amount to a “run” on the dollar.

“As with a bank run, we would not be able to tell ahead of time when such an event would occur. But our economy will be primed for it as long as our fiscal trajectory is unsustainable.

And there it is again, the favorite word of the wrong-for-80-years debt hawks: “Unsustainable.”

Any time you read that the U.S. federal debt is, or even soon might be, “unsustainable,: immediately stop reading. The author knows nothing, and reading what he/she says is a waste of your valuable time.

It’s almost as bad as reading that the federal debt is a “ticking time bomb” (which it supposedly has been since 1940, and still ticking).

I am an economist, but for the past 25 years, I have told all who would listen that economics is not a science. It could be. It should be. But it isn’t, because the practitioners deny the obvious and instead rely on their vague intuition.

Not that there aren’t data in economics. There are mountains of data. But econodufuses would rather juggle abstruse data than look at the clear and obvious facts all around them.

They keep predicting causes and effects when the causes keep happening without the predicted effects. 

They talk about ticking time bombs that never explode. 

They talk about unsustainable deficits and debt that have been sustained for 80 years.

They talk about cutting the debt, when every time the debt is cut, we have depressions. (Once, only a recession).

1804-1812: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 48%. Depression began 1807.
1817-1821: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 29%. Depression began 1819.
1823-1836: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 99%. Depression began 1837.
1852-1857: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 59%. Depression began 1857.
1867-1873: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 27%. Depression began 1873.
1880-1893: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 57%. Depression began 1893.
1920-1930: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 36%. Depression began 1929.
1997-2001: U. S. Federal Debt reduced 15%. Recession began 2001.

They keep making claims that the facts on the ground disprove.

This is science?

And then guys like Cochrane repeatedly go on TV, and write articles, and spout absolute nonsense, with no basis in fact. 

And sadly, people believe it. Even President Biden seems to believe it, and that is the real tragedy.

We could have the Ten Steps to Prosperty (below), end poverty, reduce crime, improve education, and make America that “shining city on a hill,” were it not for the debt hawks.

The debt hawks are to economics as the creationists are to biology. 

Those, who do not understand Monetary Sovereignty, do not understand economics.


Rodger Malcolm Mitchell 

[ Monetary Sovereignty, Twitter: @rodgermitchell, Search: #monetarysovereignty Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell ]


  • Monetary Sovereignty describes money creation and destruction.
  • Gap Psychology describes the common desire to distance oneself from those “below” in any socio-economic ranking, and to come nearer those “above.” The socio-economic distance is referred to as “The Gap.”

Wide Gaps negatively affect poverty, health and longevity, education, housing, law and crime, war, leadership, ownership, bigotry, supply and demand, taxation, GDP, international relations, scientific advancement, the environment, human motivation and well-being, and virtually every other issue in economics. 

Implementation of Monetary Sovereignty and The Ten Steps To Prosperity can grow the economy and narrow the Gaps: Ten Steps To Prosperity:

  1. Eliminate FICA
  2. Federally funded Medicare — parts A, B & D, plus long-term care — for everyone
  3. Social Security for all
  4. Free education (including post-grad) for everyone
  5. Salary for attending school
  6. Eliminate federal taxes on business
  7. Increase the standard income tax deduction, annually.
  8. Tax the very rich (the “.1%”) more, with higher progressive tax rates on all forms of income.
  9. Federal ownership of all banks
  10. Increase federal spending on the myriad initiatives that benefit America’s 99.9% 

The Ten Steps will grow the economy and narrow the income/wealth/power Gap between the rich and the rest. 



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