Hydrogen is a clean source of fuel, but its purification has been challenging until now. Now, a group of scientists has found a solution – by characterizing a hybrid separation membrane for purifying hydrogen from other gases. The scientists are optimistic that their novel membrane will make the use of hydrogen fuel efficient and cost-effective.
Hydrogen has been hailed as the ‘fuel of the future’. Thus, ongoing research has been focusing on efficient and environment-friendly ways to produce of hydrogen fuel.
Solar hydrogen production through photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting reaction is an attractive “green” method of hydrogen fuel production, owing to its potential for high conversion efficiency, low operating temperatures, and cost-effectiveness. However, efficient separation of hydrogen gas from a mixture of gases (called “syngas”) under different environmental conditions, has proven to be a challenge.
In this study, a group of researchers from Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan, led by Professor Yuji Iwamoto, in collaboration with researchers in France, successfully characterized a novel membrane that allows highly selective separation of hydrogen gas generated from the PEC reaction.
Prof. Iwamoto said, “Membrane separation is attractive as a low-cost hydrogen gas purification technology. However, current techniques face several challenges, for example, water-induced swelling with polymer membranes and lower hydrogen permeance with metal, polymer, and supported liquid membranes.”
The researchers first developed an organic-inorganic hybrid polymeric membrane, primarily consisting of a polymer called “polycarbosilane” (PCS) formed on an aluminium oxide (Al2O3)-based porous support.
Prof. Iwamoto explained further, “By using high-molecular-weight PCSs with a melting point above 200° C, we showed that a superhydrophobic PCS membrane could be deposited on a mesoporous γ-Al2O3-modified macroporous α-Al2O3 tubular support.”
After successfully developing the PCS membrane, the researchers tested it under PEC reaction conditions. As hypothesized, the PCS membrane showed high hydrophobicity. Moreover, under the flow of a simulated highly humid gas mixture at 50° C, the PCS membrane exhibited excellent hydrogen selectivity.
Further analysis revealed that the preferential hydrogen permeation through the PCS membrane was governed by the “solid state diffusion” mechanism. Overall, irrespective of the ambient environmental conditions provided, the PCS membrane exhibited efficient hydrogen gas separation.
The press release noted that with the development and characterization of this new PCS membrane, it is inevitable that its commercial adoption will not just facilitate the use of hydrogen fuel for energy needs but also curb the use of non-renewable fossil fuels.
Prof. Iwamoto concluded, “With this technological development, we expect great progress in environmental-friendly and sustainable hydrogen production ”
If this technology will scale up to industrial use the hydrogen economy just got a huge boost. A simple membrane separating and cleaning up a gas flow will have quite an impact on process engineers plans and the resulting investment needed.
Now we really need is a credible hydrogen storage solution.
Please Help Support BeforeitsNews by trying our Natural Health Products below!
Order by Phone at 888-809-8385 or online at https://mitocopper.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST
Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomic.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST
Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomics.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST
Humic & Fulvic Trace Minerals Complex - Nature's most important supplement! Vivid Dreams again!
HNEX HydroNano EXtracellular Water - Improve immune system health and reduce inflammation
Ultimate Clinical Potency Curcumin - Natural pain relief, reduce inflammation and so much more.
pathogens and gives you more
energy. (See Blood Video)
Oxy Powder - Natural Colon Cleanser! Cleans out toxic buildup with oxygen!
Nascent Iodine - Promotes detoxification, mental focus and thyroid health.
Smart Meter Cover - Reduces Smart Meter radiation by 96%! (See Video)
Immusist Beverage Concentrate - Proprietary blend, formulated to reduce inflammation while hydrating and oxygenating the cells.