Read the story here. Advertise at Before It's News here.
Profile image
Story Views
Last hour:
Last 24 hours:

New World Order of the Knights of the Garter - the Last Leg of the March to Tyranny

% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.

The New World Order of the Knights of the Garter

The Last Leg of the March to Tyranny

The Most Noble Order of the Garter

Heads Up for Monday, 18 June 2018 – Garter Day!

Extra Special this year perhaps as the Queen double-booked her calendar last year and the 2017 Order of the Garter cermony for the MOST PRESTIGIOUS British Order of Chivalry had to be cancelled?!


As Garter Day is nearly upon us I thought it may be worth asking you to look into the history and background of this most prestigious Order of Chivalry from a slightly different perspective.


Chapter 1 – The Enigma


French Maxim

‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’ – ‘Shamed be [he] who evil of it thinks’.


What does ‘it’ refer to and why the ‘Garter’ reference?

Fig 1: Most Noble Order of the Garter – established 1348

Enigmatically, the motto is also associated with the following:

  • It is incorporated in the coat of arms of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome[1]
  • It is on the coat of arms above the lower main gate of the castle of the German city of Tübingen.
  • It appears on the coat of arms of the Elector of Saxony in Stolpen, Germany (dated 1673).
  • It is on the coat of arms for Heidelberg Castle, Germany (dated 1683).
  • It appears in the source code for Apollo 11 [2]
  • It appears in the comments of the source code for the master ignition routine of the Apollo 13 lunar module [3]
  • It appears on American Tax Stamps circa 1765 [4]
  • Until 1997 it appeared prominently on Hong Kong banknotes
  • It appears in the staff used by the Usher of the Black Rod of the Parliament of Canada.
  • It appears on the Royal Coat of Arms of the British East India Company[5]
  • It appears on pre-revolution Cuban Cigar Bands
  • It appears on the front cover of the British Passport

Fig 2: Abbazia di San Paolo fuori le Mura (Abbey of St. Paul Outside the Walls, Rome)

Figures 3 & 4: Le Schloss Hohentübingen (near Stuttgart, Germany)

Fig 5: Coat of Arms of the Elector of Saxony in Stolpen, Germany – over the entrance to the Electoral Amtshaus [13]

Fig 6: Coat of Arms for Heidelberg Castle, Germany (dated 1683).

Fig 7: American Tax Stamp – circa 1765 [4]

The American Stamp Act was enacted on November 1, 1765 and repealed in March 1766.

Fig 9: Hong Kong Coinage – the Tael (1867)

Fig 10: Colonial Coat of Arms – British Hong Kong

Fig 11: Royal Coat of Arms of the British East India Company – Penang Museum, Malaysia [5]

Fig 12: Pre- Revolution Cuban Cigar Band

Fig 13: British Passport

Chapter 2 – The Origins of the Order

List of Founder Knights

At the time of its foundation, the Order consisted of King Edward III, together with 25 Founder Knights, listed in ascending order of stall number in St George’s Chapel:-

    King Edward III (1312–77)

    Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (1330–76)

    Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1310–61)

    Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick (d. 1369)

    Jean de Grailly, Captal de Buch (d. 1377)

    Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford (1301–72)

    William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1328–97)

    Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (1328–60)

    John de Lisle, 2nd Baron Lisle (1318–56)

    Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh (d. 1369)

    John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp (d. 1360)

    John de Mohun, 2nd Baron Mohun (c. 1320–76)

    Sir Hugh de Courtenay (d. 1349)

    Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (1314–1360)

    John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield (c. 1300–59)

    Sir Richard Fitz-Simon (b. 1295)

    Sir Miles Stapleton (d. 1364)

    Sir Thomas Wale (d. 1352)

    Sir Hugh Wrottesley (d. 1381)

    Sir Nele Loring (d. 1386)

    Sir John Chandos (d. 1369)

    Sir James Audley (d. 1369)

    Sir Otho Holand (d. 1359)

    Sir Henry Eam (d. before 1360)

    Sir Sanchet D’Abrichecourt (d. 1345)[3]

    Sir Walter Paveley (d. 1375)


They are all depicted in individual portraits in the Bruges Garter Book made c. 1431, and now in the British Library.

Fig 14: Edward of Woodstock (1330-1376), the Black Prince of Wales, a Founder Member of the Knights of the Garter (William Bruges’s Garter Book c1430-40).

Note the Double Headed Eagle – a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire.

Edward of Woodstock was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362–72). In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter. Born 15 June 1330 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire.

Chapter 3 – Other Notable Members

Fig 15: John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough atop the Column of Victory at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford dressed as a Roman General, eagles at his feet and a Winged Victory in his hand (monument completed 1730)

John Churchill (1650 – 1722), 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Knight of the Order of the Garter, PC.

Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, his descendant and biographer.

Figures 16 & 17: Winston Churchill (1874 – 1965) – Knight of the Order of the Garter. Born Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford.

Fig 18: Duke of Marlborough Coat of Arms, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxford.

Displaying the Order of the Knight of the Garter motto – ‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’

Note the Double Headed Eagle again – a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire.


Past Knights of the Order of the Garter also included the following Holy Roman Emperors! [6][7]:

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor                                                                      1368–1437

Albert V, Duke of Austria                                                                                 1397–1439     

Later Albert II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor                                                                 1415–1493

Maximilian, King of the Romans                                                                        1459–1520

Later Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles, Infant of Spain, Archduke of Austria and Duke of Burgundy     1500–1558

Later Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand, Infant of Spain, Archduke of Austria                                                1503–1564

Later Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor                                                     1527–1576

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor                                                                       1552–1612

Fig 19: Coat of Arms of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527 – 1576)

The Most Noble Order of the Garter – an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious BRITISH order of chivalry. [15]

However, since the Order’s inception in 1348 there are a surprising number of apparently ‘FOREIGN’ members?

Of the thousand or so (~1011) Knights appointed to the Order of the Garter from 1348 to 2018 [7] the following are suggested as ‘NON-BRITISH’ from the author’s perspective:

Dates shown are of nomination or installation to the Order.

John IV, Duke of Brittany                                                                                 1375–1376     

William I, Duke of Guelders and Jülich                                                  c.1399

William VI, Count of Holland                                                                c.1399

Albert I, Duke of Bavaria                                                                                  c. 1398

John I, King of Portugal                                                                                    c.1408

Eric VII, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway                                             c.1405

Philip III, Duke of Burgundy                                                                             1422

Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra                                                                        1427

Edward, King of Portugal                                                                                 1435

Gaston de Foix, Captal de Buch                                                                       1438–1439

Henry, Duke of Viseu                                                                           1442–1443

Álvaro Vaz de Almada, 1st Count of Avranches                                                1445

Afonso V, King of Portugal                                                                               1447

Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Naples                                                             1450

William, Duke of Brunswick                                                                              1450

Casimir IV, King of Poland                                                                               1450

Ferdinand I, King of Naples                                                                              1463

Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan                                                                      c.1463

Inigo d’Avalos, Count of Monteodorisio                                                            1467

Charles, Duke of Burgundy                                                                               1470

Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino                                                         1474

Ferdinand II, King of Aragon and Castile                                                          1480

(Ferdinand II (1452 –1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily

from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death).

Hercules d’Este, Duke of Modena and Ferrara                                     1480

John II, King of Portugal                                                                                   1482

Alfonso, Duke of Calabria                                                                                1493

John, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway                                       c.1499

Philip, Archduke of Austria and Duke of Burgundy                                            c.1503

Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino                                         c.1504

Manuel I, King of Portugal                                                                                1510

Giuliano de Medici, Duc de Nemours                                                    1514

Francis I, King of France                                                                                  1527

Anne de Montmorency, Duc de Montmorency                                     1532

Philip de Chabot, Comte de Neublanche                                                           1532

Henry II, King of France                                                                                   1551

Prince Philip of Spain                                                                            1554   

Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy                                                                   1554

Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp                                                                       1560

Charles IX, King of France                                                                               1564

Francis, Duc de Montmorency                                                             1572

Henry III, King of France                                                                                 1575   

(King of Poland 1573–1574)

Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway                                                      1578

Johann Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern                                                         1579

Henry IV, King of France                                                                                 1590

Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg                                                                    1597

Christian IV, King of Denmark and Norway                                                      1603

Ulrich, Duke of Holstein                                                                                    1605

Frederick V, Elector Palatine                                                                            1612

(King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620)

Maurice de Nassau                                                                                           1612   

(Later Maurice, Prince of Orange)

Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel                                                       1624

Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Chevreuse                                                             1625

Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden                                                    1627

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange                                                                   1627

Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine                                                                        1633

Prince Rupert of the Rhine                                                                                1642

William II, Prince of Orange                                                                              1645

Bernard de Nogaret de Foix, Duc d’Épernon                                                    1645

Prince Maurice of the Rhine                                                                              1649

Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern                                                                  1649

Henri de la Trémoille, Prince de Taranto                                                            1653

William III, Prince of Orange                                                                1653

Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg                                          1654

John Gaspar Ferdinand de Marchin, Comte de Granville                                   1658

Christian, Prince Royal of Denmark                                                                   1662   

(Later Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway)

Charles XI, King of Sweden                                                                             1668

John George II, Elector of Saxony                                                                    1668

Charles II, Elector Palatine                                                                                1680

Prince George of Denmark                                                                               1684

Frederic Herman de Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg                                 1689

Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg                                                   1690   

(Later Frederick I, King in Prussia)

George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg                                     1690

John George IV, Elector of Saxony                                                                   1692

George Louis, Elector of Hanover                                                                     1701

Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg                                                1703

Prince George Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg                                               1706   

(Later Prince of Wales; George II, King of Great Britain)

Prince Frederick Lewis of Brunswick-Lüneburg                                                1717   

(Later Prince of Wales)

Prince Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg                                                 1717   

(Later Duke of York and Albany)

William IV, Prince of Orange                                                                1733

Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel                                                             1741

Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg                                       1741

Johann Adolf II, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels                                                       1745

Charles William Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach                         1749

William V, Prince of Orange                                                                             1752

Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Bevern                                                            1759

Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz                         1764

Charles William Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel          1765

Prince Ernest Augustus                                                                                     1786   

(Royal Knight; later King of Hanover)

William IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel                                                            1786

Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg                                                         1790

Alexander I, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias                            1813

Louis XVIII, King of France                                                                             1814

Francis I, Emperor of Austria                                                                1814

Frederick William III, King of Prussia                                                   1814

Ferdinand VII, King of Spain                                                                1814

William VI, Prince of Orange                                                                1814   

(Later William I, King of the Netherlands)

Leopold George Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld                              1816   

(Later Léopold I, King of the Belgians)

Frederick VI, King of Denmark                                                                        1822

John VI, King of Portugal                                                                                 1822

Charles X, King of France                                                                                1825

Nicholas I, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias                                           1827

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen                                                   1830

William I, King of Württemberg                                                                        1830

Augustus William Maximilian Frederick Lewis,                                      1831

(Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel)

Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen                                                                             1837

Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha                                                        1838

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha                                                                1839   

(Later Albert, Prince Consort)

Frederick William IV, King of Prussia                                                   1842

Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony                                                 1842

Louis Philippe, King of the French                                                                     1844

Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha                                                       1844

Napoleon III, Emperor of the French                                                                1855

Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia                                                    1855   

(Later Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy)

Abdul Medjid I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire                                                       1856   

(First non-Christian member)

Frederick William Nicholas Charles, Crown Prince of Prussia                1858   

(Later Frederick III, Emperor of Germany)

Peter V, King of Portugal                                                                                  1858

William I, King of Prussia                                                                                  1861   

(Later German Emperor)

Prince Louis of Hesse and the Rhine                                                                  1862   

(Later Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse)

Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz                                    1862

Louis I, King of Portugal                                                                                   1865

Christian IX, King of Denmark                                                             1865

Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine                                       1865

Leopold II, King of the Belgians                                                                        1866

Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein                                                   1866   

Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria                                                                     1867

Alexander II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias                           1867

Abdul Aziz, Sultan of Ottoman Empire                                                 1867

Prince Leopold                                                                                                 1869   

(Later Duke of Albany)

Peter II, Emperor of Brazil                                                                                1871   

(First non-European member)

Naser al-Din, Shah of Persia                                                                             1873

George I, King of the Hellenes                                                             1876

Prince Wilhelm of Prussia                                                                                  1877   

(Later Wilhelm II, Emperor of Germany)

Umberto, King of Italy                                                                         1878

Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale        1878

Alexander III, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias                         1881

Oscar II, King of Sweden and Norway                                                             1881

Alfonso XII, King of Spain                                                                               1881

Albert, King of Saxony                                                                                     1882

William III, King of the Netherlands                                                                  1882

Prince Henry of Battenberg                                                                               1885

Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria                                                                       1887

Prince Henry of Prussia                                                                                     1889

Charles, King of Württemberg                                                             1890

Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples                                                                   1891   

(Later Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy)

Prince Ernest Ludwig of Hesse                                                             1892

Carol, King of Romania                                                                                    1892

Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia                                     1893   

(Later Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias)

Prince Alfred of Edinburgh,                                                                               1894

(also Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)

Charles I, King of Portugal                                                                                1895

Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark                                                                1896   

(Later Frederick VIII, King of Denmark)

Frederick William Victor Augustus Ernest                                                         1901

(Crown Prince Imperial of Germany)

Alfonso XIII, King of Spain                                                                              1902

Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia                                       1902

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria                                                    1902

Prince Emanuel Philibert of Savoy, Duke of Aosta                                             1902

Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal                                                      1902

Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany                                                           1902

(also Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)

Muzaffir al-Din, Shah of Persia                                                             1903

Wilhelm II, King of Württemberg                                                                      1904

Gustav, Crown Prince of Sweden                                                                     1905   

(Later Gustav V, King of Sweden)

Mutsuhito, Emperor of Japan                                                                            1905

Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden                                                                    1906

Haakon VII, King of Norway                                                               1906

Manuel II, King of Portugal                                                                               1909

Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria                                                                    1911

Adolf Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz                                   1911

Yoshihito, Emperor of Japan                                                                             1912

Christian X, King of Denmark                                                               1914

Albert I, King of the Belgians                                                                1914

Ferdinand, King of Romania                                                                             1924

Hirohito, Emperor of Japan                                                                               1929

Leopold III, King of the Belgians                                                                      1935

George II, King of the Hellenes                                                                         1938

Carol II, King of Romania                                                                                 1938

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia                                                                                  1939

Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands                                                   1944

Frederick IX, King of Denmark                                                                        1951

Gustaf VI Adolf, King of Sweden                                                                     1954

Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia                                                                   1954

Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands                                                                     1958

Olav V, King of Norway                                                                                  1959

Baudouin, King of the Belgians                                                             1963

Paul, King of the Hellenes                                                                                 1963

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg                                                                     1972

Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark                                                                      1979

Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden                                                                     1983

Juan Carlos, King of Spain                                                                                1988

Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands                                                                     1989

Akihito, Emperor of Japan                                                                                1998

Harald V, King of Norway                                                                               2001

Felipe VI, King of Spain                                                                                   2017

Chapter 4 – Why the Order of the ‘Garter’?

The Official Narrative:-

Various legends account for the origin of the Order. The most popular involves the “Countess of Salisbury”, whose garter is said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing at a court ball at Calais. When the surrounding courtiers sniggered, the king picked it up and returned it to her, exclaiming,

“Honi soit qui mal y pense!”

(“Shame on him who thinks ill of it!”), the phrase that has become the motto of the Order.

According to another legend, King Richard I was inspired in the 12th century by St George the Martyr while fighting in the Crusades to tie garters around the legs of his knights, who subsequently won the battle. King Edward supposedly recalled the event in the 14th century when he founded the Order.

For what its worth, both of the above explanations are quite ‘lame’ for such a prestigious Order of Knights (in the author’s opinion).

A More Plausible Explanation?

The ‘Order of the Garter’ associated with the ‘Leg of Italy’

Fig 20: The Mezzogiorno: Old Boot of Italy, featuring Garibaldi, 1868

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 – 1882) was an Italian general, politician, nationalist and Freemason.

Figs 21 and 22: Coat of Arms on Display at Chirk Castle, North Wales and a Cloister Roof Boss at Christ Church College, Oxford

Figs 23 and 24: Coats of Arms at the Main Gate for Hawarden Castle, North Wales, former residence of Sir William Gladstone (1925 – 2018), 7th Baronet, Knight of the Order of the Garter

The ‘Leg of Italy’ to be found in the cloister roof bosses, Christ Church College, Oxford, on one of the coats of arms on display at Chirk Castle, North Wales and displayed on both coats of arms at the main gate for Hawarden Castle, North Wales.

Chapter 5 – The Duke of Wellington

Knight of the Garter (KG)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. His defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain’s military heroes.

Fig 25: Arthur Wellesley (1769 – 1852), 1st Duke of Wellington KG

Fig 26: Coat of Arms of Arthur Wellesley (1769 – 1852), 1st Duke of Wellington [8] showing the motto for the Order of the Garter.

Fig 27: Duke of Wellington Battle Standard – St Pauls Cathedral Crypt, London

Note the Double Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire again.

An interesting side note is that Arthur Wellesley had strong connections with Freemasonry – both his father and his brother served as Masters and they both became Grand Masters of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. [9]

Arthur himself was initiated into Trim Lodge (no 494), Ireland at the age of 21. [9]

Arthur Wellesley was created Marquis of Wellington on 18 August 1812 and was appointed Knight of the Order of the Garter on 4th March 1813. [10]

Fig 28: Caricature of the Duke of Wellington as a Wellington Boot (circa 1830)

Is this a humorous association of the ‘Order of the Garter’ with the ‘Leg of Italy’ for those in the cognoscenti?

Chapter 6 – The Triskelion

Everyone knows that standing on one leg can be a little unbalanced but what if stabilizers are added.

Fig 29: Flag of Sicily – the Triskelion is an ancient symbol of Sicily

Fig 30: Sicilian Coinage.

Fig 31: Note the proximity of Sicily to Italy

Fig 32: Coat of arms of the city of Füssen, Bavaria, Germany

The German name Füssen literally translates to ‘Feet’.

Füssen was settled in Roman times, on the Via Claudia Augusta, a road that leads southwards to northern Italy and northwards to Augusta Vindelicum (today’s Augsburg), the former regional capital of the Roman province Raetia.

In late antiquity, Füssen was the home of a part of the Legio III Italica, which was stationed there to guard the important trade route over the Alps.

Legio Tertia Italica (“Italian Third Legion”) was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 165 by the emperor Marcus Aurelius (r. 161-80), for his campaign against the Marcomanni tribe. The cognomen Italica suggests that the legion’s original recruits were mainly drawn from Italy. The legion was still active in Raetia and other provinces in the early 5th century (Notitia Dignitatum, dated ca. 420 AD for Western Roman Empire entries). [14]

Then there is the symbol for the Isle of Man – the difference being that the legs are now armoured.

Fig 33: Isle of Man Symbol

The motto is ‘Quocunque Jeceris Stabit’, which is Latin and means: “whichever way you shall have thrown [it], it shall stand”

The Manx triskelion is known in the Manx language as tre cassyn “the three legs”. The symbol has been associated with the island since at least the 13th century. [11][12]

Fig 34: Coat of Arms for Sir John Stanley I, KG (c. 1350–1414) incorporating the Order of the Garter and the Triskelion.

Sir John Stanley I, KG (c. 1350–1414) was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann, the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.

The author also came across the Triskelion on a monument in an old Scottish town on the River Tay – Dunkeld (once the capital of Scotland!).

The monument features both the ‘Compass and Squares’ of the Freemasons and the Triskelion?

Figures 35 and 36: Dunkeld Monument, Scotland featuring both the Compass and Squares of the Freemasons and the Triskelion

Fig 37: Dunkeld Monument, Scotland featuring both the Compass and Squares of the Freemasons and the Triskelion

Dunkeld is located approximately 14 miles NNW of Perth in Scotland.

Modern Perth is situated 3km downstream (on the River Tay) of the original Roman fort of Bertha. Bertha/Perth was the limit of the Roman Empire in Britain; the Romans never defeated the Picts at Scone (pronounced Scoon), the ancient capital of Scotland, only two miles north of Perth.

Fig 38: Modern Coat of Arms of Perth, Scotland featuring the Double-Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire


Could the armoured legs of the Triskelion be stabilisers for the ‘Leg of Italy’ and the Holy Roman Empire?

Fig 39: Statue of Richard, Second Marquis of Westminster (1795 – 1869), Knight of the Order of the Garter, Chester, UK

Fig 40: Detail of the Garter Robes from the Statue of Richard, Second Marquis of Westminster (1795 – 1869), Chester, UK

Fig 41:  Signs on Bishop Lloyds Palace, Watergate Street, Chester, UK (carvings dated to 1615).

Signs include the Order of the Garter, the Triskelion, the Cross of St George and the Double Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire.

Is the ‘Leg of Italy’ and the ‘Order of the Garter’ connected to anything else?

Fig 42: Freemasonic Initiation Rite for the First Degree – the First Step



Is the ‘New World Order’ the Holy Roman Empire Re-Incarnated?


(Like the Phoenix from the Ashes)




















Addendum Foot Note

Modern Cultural References – Sir Rolf Harris?

Fig 43: Sir Rolf Harris with his Portrait of the Queen

N.B. One of Queen Elizabeth II’s honorary titles – Princess of the Holy Roman Empire.


Was Rolf Harris referring to the Triskelion when he sang about ‘Jake the Peg with the Extra Leg’?

Fig 44: Record Cover for ‘Jake the Peg’ (with the Extra Leg) by Rolf Harris

On a similar theme, was Rolf referring to the Knights Templars when he sang about ‘Two Little Boys’?

Fig 45: One of the Logo’s associated with the Knight’s Templar


Other Articles in this Series

The Emperor’s New Clothes

An alternative interpretation of the classic Hans Christian Andersen tale.

The Spirit World – Pub Astrology

The origins of Olde English and Welsh pub names from the 17th century onwards.

PDF versions of these books available for download from:





Before It’s News® is a community of individuals who report on what’s going on around them, from all around the world.

Anyone can join.
Anyone can contribute.
Anyone can become informed about their world.

"United We Stand" Click Here To Create Your Personal Citizen Journalist Account Today, Be Sure To Invite Your Friends.

Please Help Support BeforeitsNews by trying our Natural Health Products below!

Order by Phone at 888-809-8385 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 866-388-7003 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 866-388-7003 or online at M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Humic & Fulvic Trace Minerals Complex - Nature's most important supplement! Vivid Dreams again!

HNEX HydroNano EXtracellular Water - Improve immune system health and reduce inflammation.

Ultimate Clinical Potency Curcumin - Natural pain relief, reduce inflammation and so much more.

MitoCopper - Bioavailable Copper destroys pathogens and gives you more energy. (See Blood Video)

Oxy Powder - Natural Colon Cleanser!  Cleans out toxic buildup with oxygen!

Nascent Iodine - Promotes detoxification, mental focus and thyroid health.

Smart Meter Cover -  Reduces Smart Meter radiation by 96%! (See Video).

Report abuse


    Your Comments
    Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

    Total 4 comments
    • K¡llúḿ¡ńàṫ¡✝☪ ॐ ﷲ ✡

      Britain has defeated every country in the world at war :wink:
      royalty and nobility (“Kings and Queens”) had blue blood :wink:
      England, Spanish, Netherlands, More :arrow: do some research…

    • HypothesisFree

      Heads up – BIN has been censoring nearly all comments to the article linked below – apparently too much TRUTH for the people to know!

      The Final Warning – This is why WW3 Must Take Place!!
      After reading through all 20 pages of this story and checking out many of the links, I think Dan Raleigh may be on to something BIG here – perhaps the BIGGEST story of our age! The best and the brightest would do well to research this INCREDIBLE STORY!
      - /alternative/2018/05/the-final-warning-this-is-why-ww3-must-take-place-3614999.html

    • raburgeson

      Message from the controllers, No matter how evil don’t let you mind go there slave. We give the USA controllers this message. You die slowly enough you will live long enough to regret everything you have ever done.

    • Daughter of the Church

      The motto ‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’ – ‘Shamed be [he] who evil of it thinks’. is not evil in itself because it’s claim is against “sinful though”.
      There has been misappropriation of just phrases since the beginning. This is what the devil does best: to usurp a just formula.

    Load more ...




    Email this story
    Email this story

    If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

    If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.