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Pole Shift Could Send Boston To Equator Say Harvard Scientists, Polar Shift Could Tip The Earth Over By 50 Degrees And It Has Happened 6 Times Say Geologists

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With a polar shift, the city of Boston could find itself on the equator.   A preponderance of low-latitude continents may  make Earth more susceptible to true polar wander, the process by which the mantle and crust spin relative to the fluid outer core to maintain rotational equilibrium.
 

This diagram of true polar wander shows the present-day Earth rotating with respect to its rotational axis

 
Credit: Wikipedia 
 

Understanding the mechanics behind polar wander is crucial, as a shift could tip the Earth over by as far as 50° over a period of 10–100 million years and this would cause profound global environmental and geological changes, writes Tushna Commissariat in “How Earth’s wandering poles return home.”

 

Jerry X. Mitrovica (center), professor of geophysics, and Jessica Creveling illustrate their research using a model of the Earth inside the Geological Museum at Harvard. Ngai Ham Chan, a research assistant in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, joined them in the project.

Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer

What would happen if the Earth’s axis suddenly tilted by 50 degrees or more? It may sound like the plot of a bad science fiction movie, but scientists say it’s not an academic question — geological records show such shifts have happened several times throughout the planet’s history, with dramatic effects on climate and sea level.

Harvard researchers are now answering one of the key questions related to such shifts: Once its axis tilts, how does the Earth “know” to return to its normal orientation?

As described in a Nature reportJessica Creveling, a former Harvard grad student and now a postdoctoral fellow at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and Harvard Professor of Geophysics Jerry X. Mitrovica worked with colleagues on research suggesting that these events — known as true polar wander — may have been caused by “pulses” of convection in the Earth’s mantle below the surface, with the resulting return of the poles driven by both the elasticity of the tectonic plates around the planet’s surface and by the flattening of its shape around the equator.

“The idea you can take the Earth, tip it over and somehow the system always knows where it’s come from — that’s a peculiar idea,” said Creveling. “For me, that’s the quirky, dynamic issue and the challenge of this. In fact, all of the classic papers in this field argue that when the pole moves, it loses all memory of its previous location. We’re saying that this is not the case. There is something in the system that tells it, ‘Here’s where you come back.’”

In explaining these remarkable episodes of polar wander, Mitrovica and Creveling also point to changes in the flow of the Earth’s mantle that occur during periods when tectonic plates come together to form supercontinents. The massive landmasses act like thermal blankets, and “it is at these times when the Earth will be provoked into a large true polar wander event,” Mitrovica said. “When a supercontinent exists, material rises up in the rocky mantle below the supercontinent, stretching the Earth out like a football and giving it a tendency to spin like a football.”

To understand how the Earth “knows” how to return to its original orientation, Creveling and Mitrovica turned to two images, the first being the stretching of a rubber band.

As the planet shifts on its axis, stress on the tectonic plates that make up Earth’s crust increases, Mitrovica explained. That increased stress acts like a stretched rubber band, gradually pulling the planet back to its original rotation axis, even after millions of years of rotation at a different angle.

Previous research conducted by Mitrovica uncovered a similar phenomenon on Mars. However, while the Earth’s surface is made up of many different plates, the surface of Mars consists of a single plate.

“We have shown that even with those breaks, [the Earth] still has a bit of that rubber band effect,” Mitrovica said.

The second effect at work in drawing the planet back to its original orientation, Mitrovica explained, is similar to that of a toy punching bag that bounces back up after being pushed over. Because the Earth is not a perfect sphere, when the rotation pole moves, the extra mass centered around the equator acts like an anchor, pulling the pole back to its original place.

These massive shifts in the Earth’s position could have played a role in the planet’s long-term development, and life on it.

“I think it is an important piece of the puzzle. It will help us understand how the Earth evolved from where it was to where it is now,” Creveling said.

 

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Contacts and sources:
J. R. Creveling
Harvard Gazette
 

How Earth’s wandering poles return home http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2012/nov/12/how-earths-wandering-poles-return-home



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    Total 6 comments
    • BeastLee

      lol its not going to bring boston to the equator…. lawlz…..

    • Maverick

      If that happens, its not called a ‘Pole Shift’ :cool:

      Its proper term would be ‘Crustal Displacement’

      People need to learn the difference. Pole Shift = Magnetic Poles, if they shift, not an epically big deal. People will survive, we will adjust and move on

      Crustal Displacement = Earths Crust rotating on the core, shifting landmasses = Epically HUGE deal as very likely not many will survive.

    • Anonymous

      That would be great, Wake up in Boston and you are in a tropical paradise. Thank you god.

    • ketabyte

      According to some researchers this has happened 14 times.

      The shuman vibration has been steadily increasing as our electromagnetic field has been decreasing. The planets poles will reverse instantly causing the planet to begin rotating in the opposite direction. But of course the oceans will keep moving in the same direction in a 2 kilometer high tidal wave that will most likely destroy the majority of our civilization.

      Get your boats ready.

    • fuzzy696

      Love your comments ….BUT it says it will take 50- 100 million years…..see you there……LOL.

    • HIDDENTEXTOR

      And upside down the world will be…
      in the blink of an eye…
      says Mother Shipton…

      All the elements shall be seen confounded together, surging in huge rolling mass, now towards the centre of the earth, now towards the sky, at one time coursing in fury from the southern regions towards the icy north, at another time from the east to the west, and so again from this hemisphere to the other.
      da Vinci

      A move of 4,800+ nautical miles- Rio to the south pole, Saudi Arabis to the north pole and four other countries with a likewise distance – Angol to Italy _ making Angol PRIME REAL ESTATE
      Nostradamus

      Isaiah 24
      1. Behold, the LORD makes the earth empty, He makes it waste, and turns it upside down, and scatters abroad its inhabitants.
      13. When this happens: in the midst of the land among the people, it shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and like the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.
      19 The earth is completely broken down, the earth is fully dissolved, the earth is exceedingly moved.
      20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a tent; and its transgression shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

      so who would have thought that so many at such a time that they were living in would coincidentally WRITE THE SAME THING…

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