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Phytochemical Allyl isothiocyanate Protects the Neurons Against Brain Cancer

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By Kyle J. Norton

Phytochemical Allyl isothiocyanate may be next pharmacotherapeutic target to identify the chemo drug for the treatment of brain cancer without inducing any side effects.

Phytochemicals, the natural chemical constituent, protect the plants against diseases and form their outer’s color.

Brain and spinal cord make up the nervous system. Brain and Spinal Cord tumors originated are not very common.

Brain cancer is a medical and chronic condition characterized by cell growth disorderly in the brain tissue.

Benign tumors are noncancerous, and malignant tumors are cancerous. More than 190.000 people in the US are diagnosed with a brain tumor each year alone.

Most brain types of brain cancer in the older adult ages 50 to 60 are Chordomas. The cancer is a rare and slow growing, but it can invade adjacent bone and put pressure on the nearby neural tissue.


Meningiomas, the most common type of benign brain tumor of the age group 40-50s. However, a small percentage of these tumors can be malignant. 


According to the statistic provided by the Canadian cancer society, Every day about 25 Canadians is diagnosed with a brain tumor.

The 5-year survival rate of brain cancer is only 25%, compared to over 60% for cancers overall.  Most adults with a diagnosis of aggressive glioblastoma survive only 1–2 years after their diagnosis.


The exact causes of brain cancer are debatable.  Researchers di not know why people with the same health conditions, family history, some are at a higher risk to develop brain cancer while others do not.


Some researchers suggested genetic preposition and acquired gene mutation due to long-term exposure to chemical toxins may be the prevalent risk factor that causes the alternation of brain cell DNA.

Most common symptoms of brain cancer depending on the stage are persistent headaches and localized pain, gradual loss of sensation and movement, speech difficulty and persistent pain


If you are experiencing some of the above symptoms, please make sure you check with your doctor immediately to rule the brain cancer possibility.


Allyl isothiocyanate is phytochemical containing sulfur in the class of organosulfur compound, found abundantly in horseradish, mustard, wasabi, etc.

 Most primary tumors are caused by abnormal cells growth that surrounds and support neurons, with a small number may be caused by a gene defect from exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals.

In the examining the side effects of Allyl isothiocyanate from the available data suggest that urinary concentrations of AITC equivalent are at least ten times higher than in the plasma, and tissue levels of AITC equivalent in the urinary bladder were 14-79 times higher than in other organs after oral AITC administration to rats for the treatment of cancer.


These results indicated AITC may be most effective in the bladder as a cancer chemopreventive compound, as AITC at high-dose levels exhibited a low degree of cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in animal cancer studies.

Once again, the experiment reaffirmed the effect of AITC in the exhibition of many desirable attributes of a cancer chemopreventive agent.

In the reassessment of Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) in the reduced risk of cancer, researchers at the National Chung Hsing University conducted an experiment to examine the effects of the phytochemical in the brain cancer cells.
In compared to other cancer cell lines inhibition, AITC significantly decreased proliferation and viability of human brain malignant glioma GBM 8401 cells in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 9.25+/-0.69 microM for 24 h-treatment.  


In cell differentiated assay, AITC induced significantly G2/M arrest and sub-G1 phase (apoptotic population) in GBM 8401 cells.


AITC markedly reduced the CDK1/cyclin B activity and protein levels which are responsible for cancer cell proliferation and survival.


Furthermore, AITC-induced apoptotic cell death through enhancing the proteins associated with cells death programming.

Dr. Chen NG, the lead scientists at the final report, said, “AITC is a potent anti-human brain malignant glioma drug and it shows a remarkable action on cell cycle arrest before a commitment for apoptosis is reached”.


Taken altogether, it is safe to suggest that Phytochemical Allyl isothiocyanate may be used as chemopreventive and functional phytochemical for high-risk of brain cancer individual and an adjunct therapy combined with primary medicine for the treatment of brain cancer.


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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Allyl isothiocyanate triggers G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in human brain malignant glioma GBM 8401 cells through a mitochondria-dependent pathway by Chen NG, Chen KT, Lu CC, Lan YH, Lai CH, Chung YT, Yang JS, Lin YC.(PubMed)
(2) Allyl isothiocyanate as a cancer chemopreventive phytochemical by Zhang Y.(PubMed)

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