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Proteus, the blind cave salamander, enters the LRT

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Losing its maxilla
(Fig. 1) did not stop this taxon from sporting a lot of other teeth in the palatine, ectopterygoid and maybe the vomer, even though only the premaxillary teeth line up with dentary teeth.

Figure 1. Skull of Proteus the white olm. Colors added. Note the lack of a lacrimal and maxilla. ” data-medium-file=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=249″ data-large-file=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=584″ class=”size-full wp-image-54042″ src=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=584&h=704″ alt=”Figure 1. Skull of Proteus the white olm. Colors added. Note the lack of a lacrimal and maxilla.” width=”584″ height=”704″ srcset=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=584&h=704 584w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=124&h=150 124w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg?w=249&h=300 249w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skull-proteus588.jpg 588w” sizes=”(max-width: 584px) 100vw, 584px” />

Figure 1. Skull of Proteus the white olm. Colors added. Note the lack of a lacrimal and maxilla.

 Proteus the white olm
(Figs. 1, 2), is a blind cave salamander with a long torso, tiny limbs and external gills (Fig. 2).

Figure 2. Skeleton of Proteus, the white olm. ” data-medium-file=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=162″ data-large-file=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=551″ class=”size-full wp-image-54044″ src=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=584&h=1085″ alt=”Figure 2. Skeleton of Proteus, the white olm. ” width=”584″ height=”1085″ srcset=”https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=584&h=1085 584w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=81&h=150 81w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg?w=162&h=300 162w, https://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2021/03/olm-skeleton588.jpg 588w” sizes=”(max-width: 584px) 100vw, 584px” />

Figure 2. Skeleton of Proteus, the white olm.

Proteus anguinus
(Laurenti 1768) nests with Necturus, the mudpuppy. The lacrimal and maxilla are absent. The postorbital and postfrontal are stretched out. External gills enable Proteus to remain underwater. Apparently the dorsal portion of the vertebral column is very short (about 5 vertebrae), with the majority comprised of lumbar vertebrae (without dorsal ribs).


References
Laurenti JN 1768. Synopsin Reptilium. J.T. de Trattnern, Viennae, pp. 35–36.

wiki/Olm



Source: https://pterosaurheresies.wordpress.com/2021/03/25/proteus-the-blind-cave-salamander-enters-the-lrt/


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