Read the Beforeitsnews.com story here. Advertise at Before It's News here.
Profile image
Story Views
Now:
Last hour:
Last 24 hours:
Total:

New dwarf planet discovered in the Kuiper Belt

% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.


Located far beyond Neptune in the Kuiper Belt, a recently discovered dwarf planet named 2015 RR245 can be up to 120 times further away from the sun than Earth and takes approximately 700 years to complete a single orbit, the International Astronomical Union has announced.

According to CNET and ScienceAlert, 2015 RR245 as a diameter of about 700 kilometers (435 miles), although more accurate measurements will need to be made to verify its exact size, and it has a gargantuan orbit that, at closest approach, will bring it to within five billion km of the sun in 2096. It was found by members of the Outer Solar System Origins Survey (OSSOS).

“The icy worlds beyond Neptune trace how the giant planets formed and then moved out from the Sun. They let us piece together the history of our Solar System,” OSSOS team member Dr. Michelle Bannister from the University of Victoria in British Columbia said in a statement. “But almost all of these icy worlds are painfully small and faint: it’s really exciting to find one that’s large and bright enough that we can study it in detail.”

While the Survey has identified more than 500 trans-Neptunian objects thus far, 2015 RR245 is being hailed as its most significant discovery yet. It was first sighted by Dr. JJ Kavelaars of the National Research Council of Canada, who spotted it in images originally captured in September 2015 using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope in Maunakea, Hawaii.

Scientists aren’t yet sure about the new dwarf planet’s appearance, but further examination is underway. (Credit: NASA)

Further analysis needed to unlock this galactic ‘time capsule’

Currently, there are many questions surrounding this newfound dwarf planet, Bannister noted. Chief among them is its exact size, which cannot be precisely determined until researchers can conduct further measurements of its surface properties. While the object is at least twice as far from the Sun as Neptune, it is not yet known is if is “small and shiny, or large and dull.”

Likewise, as it has only been observed for one year in its 700-year orbit, where it originally came from and how its orbit will change over time are also uncertain. Over the next few years, its orbit will be refined and RR245 will be given an official name. It is the largest discovery, and thus far the only dwarf planet, found by OSSOS, a collaboration of 50 scientists from various universities and institutes all over the world conducting research since 2013.

“OSSOS was designed to map the orbital structure of the outer Solar System to decipher its history. While not designed to efficiently detect dwarf planets, we’re delighted to have found one on such an interesting orbit,” explained University of British Columbia professor Brett Gladman. He and his colleagues believe that RR245 could be one of the last dwarf planets to be discovered before larger instruments become available for use in the new future.

The discovery of dwarf planet such as this are of vital importance to researchers, Pedro Lacerda of the Queen’s University Belfast Astrophysics Research Centre told The Guardian. Such worlds are “extremely rich and complex,” as New Horizons’ analysis of Pluto has revealed, and “are the closest thing to a time capsule that transports us to the birth of the solar system,” he added. “You can make an analogy with fossils, which tell us about creatures long gone. 2015 RR245 is much smaller than Pluto, about one-third as wide, so it tells us things that Pluto cannot.”

—–

Image credit: Alex Parker/OSSOS

The post New dwarf planet discovered in the Kuiper Belt appeared first on Redorbit.

redOrbit.com
offers Science, Space, Technology, Health news, videos, images and reference information. For the latest science news, space news, technology news, health news visit redOrbit.com frequently. Learn something new every day.”



Source: http://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1113414986/new-dwarf-planet-071216/


Before It’s News® is a community of individuals who report on what’s going on around them, from all around the world.

Anyone can join.
Anyone can contribute.
Anyone can become informed about their world.

"United We Stand" Click Here To Create Your Personal Citizen Journalist Account Today, Be Sure To Invite Your Friends.

Please Help Support BeforeitsNews by trying our Natural Health Products below!


Order by Phone at 888-809-8385 or online at https://mitocopper.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomic.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomics.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST


Humic & Fulvic Trace Minerals Complex - Nature's most important supplement! Vivid Dreams again!

HNEX HydroNano EXtracellular Water - Improve immune system health and reduce inflammation

Ultimate Clinical Potency Curcumin - Natural pain relief, reduce inflammation and so much more.

MitoCopper - Bioavailable Copper destroys pathogens and gives you more energy. (See Blood Video)
Oxy Powder - Natural Colon Cleanser!  Cleans out toxic buildup with oxygen! 
Nascent Iodine - Promotes detoxification, mental focus and thyroid health.
Smart Meter Cover -  Reduces Smart Meter radiation by 96%!  (See Video)

Immusist Beverage Concentrate - Proprietary blend, formulated to reduce inflammation while hydrating and oxygenating the cells.

Report abuse

    Comments

    Your Comments
    Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

    MOST RECENT
    Load more ...

    SignUp

    Login

    Newsletter

    Email this story
    Email this story

    If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

    If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.