Read the Beforeitsnews.com story here. Advertise at Before It's News here.
Profile image
By Alton Parrish (Reporter)
Contributor profile | More stories
Story Views
Now:
Last hour:
Last 24 hours:
Total:

Colossal Cosmic Collision Coming This Year At Galactic Center Say Awestruck Astronomers

% of readers think this story is Fact. Add your two cents.


 

 

 
Gas cloud approaching black hole representation.

Credit: youris.com

A giant gas cloud is on collision course with the black hole in the center of our galaxy in 2013. This is a unique opportunity to observe how a super massive black hole sucks in material, in real time


 

The black hole at the centre of the galaxy, formally known as Sagittarius A*, fascinates scientists. By mid-2013 a gas cloud is expected to pass in its vicinity at a distance of only 36 light-hours (equivalent to 40.000.000.000 km), which is extremely close in astronomical terms.

 
Credit: youris.com
 

 For the past 20 years, Stefan Gillessen, astrophysicist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Munich, Germany, has been observing the black hole. “So far there were only two stars that came that close to Sagittarius A*”, he says. “They passed unharmed, but this time will be different: the gas cloud will be completely ripped apart by the tidal forces of the black hole.” A black hole is what remains after a super massive star dies. When the “fuel” of a star runs low, it will first swell and then collapse to a dense core. If this remnant core has more than three times the mass of our Sun, it will transform to a black hole.


Direct observations of such black holes are impossible because they are coal-black and do not emit light or matter. But astronomers can identify a black hole indirectly due to the gravitational forces observed in their vicinity.

Credit: youris.com

So-called super massive black holes are the largest type of black holes. Their mass equals hundreds of thousands to a billion times the mass of our sun. The centre of all galaxies is thought to contain super massive black holes. But their origin is not fully understood and astrophysicists can only speculate as to what happens inside them. Hence the imminent collision is of great interest to scientists as it should provide some new insights.

Reinhard Genzel leads the team of astronomers from the European Southern Observatory which has discovered the gas cloud about to collide with the black hole at the heart of our galaxy and studied its trajectory. According to their observations, its speed has nearly doubled in the last seven years, reaching more than 8 million km/h.

The cloud’s edges have already started to shred and it is expected to break up completely over the coming months. As we near the collision, the cloud is expected to get much hotter. It will also probably start to emit X-rays as a result of the interaction with the black hole. This event will provide astronomers and astrophysicists a unique opportunity to observe how a gas cloud behaves so close to one of the most mysterious objects in our universe.

A monitoring program to novae in our neighboring galaxy Andromeda led to the discovery of an extremely bright X-ray source, J004243.6 XMMU 412,519. Subsequent observations in the radio region indicate the existence of a high-energy particle beam, which is driven by the massive central object. This again is an indication that this source indeed contains a stellar black hole, the matter with a very high rate of stretches, which is close to the theoretical maximum. Through the observations and analysis of both the radiation from the accretion disk and the matter in the particle beam, astronomers can learn more about the processes around a stellar black hole.

This animation shows the observations of bright X-ray source J004243.6 XMMU 412,519 in our neighboring galaxy Andromeda across six months. In this region there are a number of other floating objects, but only the ULX showed the extreme increase in brightness in X-rays and the radio signal of a jet of high-energy particles, which is ejected from the area surrounding the stellar black hole.

Credit: © MPE

Black holes are invisible because their extreme gravity even light swallowed.However, if a black hole accretes matter from its surroundings, this material is heated and glows brightly in X-rays. In addition to the accretion disk around the black hole often form-energy particle beams, called jets, in which high-energy plasma leaves the system. These jets are also driven by the gravity of the black hole and emit a strong radio signal.Accretion disks and jets are thus two aspects of the same phenomenon, and by astronomers examine both simultaneously, they can take a close look at the physical processes that occur in the vicinity of a black hole.

An international team of astronomers from institutions in Germany, Britain and other countries have now analyzed a particularly interesting source: in January 2012, Wolfgang Pietsch discovered by Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics is a very bright X-ray source (“ultraluminous X-ray source,” ULX) as part of an observing campaign of the Andromeda galaxy. This is only the second ULX in the Andromeda galaxy, and it was immediately flagged for follow-up observations in the radio band.

 

This artist’s impression shows the source XMMU J004243.6 +412519, an X-ray binary system with a black hole of stellar mass, which accretes matter from a less massive companion star.The X-ray data and other radio observations suggest a transition to a higher accretion rate and that caused radio jets – particle beams from high-energy plasma that are ejected from the vicinity of the black hole.


© ESA / Medialab AOES  


“This extremely bright X-ray sources are very interesting objects for us astronomers because they can shine even brighter in X-rays as a complete galaxy,” says Wolfgang Pietsch of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics. “In this case, we have not only seen the extreme increase in brightness in X-rays, but also that the spectrum changed, indicating a change in the accretion rate of the black hole.”

The ULX was discovered during an observing campaign, with the astronomers want to see and observe supernovae. These are binary systems in which a white dwarf star accretes material from a companion. This leads to a nuclear explosion on the surface of the white dwarf and increased emission of soft X-rays – so far over the course of this program, more than 75 supernovae discovered in the Andromeda galaxy. An interesting by-product but it is also the detection of X-ray binaries, in which there is a neutron star or a black hole and the radiation at much higher X-ray energies – in the extreme case when the ULX.

Astronomers could pursue the ULX six months and thereby see how the source was dramatically brighter and faded again. The data suggest that the black hole very much material from its surroundings swallows, the accretion rate should be close to the like or even the theoretical maximum for spherical objects. Such data allow astronomers to learn more about how to change the structure of the accretion disk at such high rates, and possibly, making the high-energy particle beams, or “jets” are triggered. Such a jet has now been observed, in fact, at radio wavelengths – it was the first time that a radio jet was discovered by a stellar black hole outside our own galaxy.

 

“We were able to watch a black hole while enjoying a multi-course meals, from light appetizers, as the source was dark, about the intertwining of the main course, as it really bright again chien, to the dessert, as she slowed again “says Matthew Middleton of the University of Durham. “Besides, let the black hole as well as steam These jets show us clearly that these extremely bright X-ray source -. And so other ULX – just a typical remnant of a star with about 10 times the sun’s mass is, the swallows as much material as is humanly possible. “
 

 
More stories: 

 

UFO Over Nuclear Power Plant, Cosmonauts Discuss Alien Reality, Crescent Shaped UFO In Old NASA Photo 

23 Ancient Mind Blowing Locations 

UFO Disclosure Chinese Style, 10-Million Witness Event, Spiral UFOs Now A Worldwide Phenomena, USAF Takes Notice 

Why Are Japanese Cartoons A Global Hit? 

New Quantum World Order 

Researchers Harness Nature To Produce The Fuel Of The Future 

Satellite Image Shows Eastern U.S. Severe Weather System 

Cool, New Views Of Andromeda Galaxy 

Herschel Finds Star Possibly Making Planets Past Its Prime 

Greatest Feat Of Ancient Construction In America 

Colossal Cosmic Collision Coming This Year At Galactic Center Say Awestruck Astronomers 

Alien Base On The Moon In Detail, Clear UFO Photos Released By NASA Taken By Astronauts, Pilot Films UFO From Air 

Mothership Enters Atmosphere Over Russia At Night; Mass UFO Sightings Over Cotulla, Texas; UFO In Tycho Crater 

Sexual Darwinism: Survival Of The Prettiest, Sexual Selection Can Be Inferred From The Fossil Record 

Ridges On Mars Suggest Ancient Flowing Water 

13 World Mysteries Without Explanation 

Lost Tomb Of Jesus Found 

25,000 Year Old Buildings Found In Russia? The Mysterious Dolmens And Megaliths Of The Caucasus 

Anonymous Hacks USSC. Gov In Operation Last Resort As Response To Death Of Aaron Schwartz 

Be Very Amazed! Struck By Lightning: Man And Earth Show Same Patterns 

Banker Plot To Overthrow The Government, The Day The Army Turned On The Veterans 

Colossal Cosmic Collision Coming This Year At Galactic Center Say Awestruck Astronomers 

Alien Base On The Moon In Detail, Clear UFO Photos Released By NASA Taken By Astronauts, Pilot Films UFO From Air   

UFO Disclosure Chinese Style, 10-Million Witness Event, Spiral UFOs Now A Worldwide Phenomena, USAF Takes Notice 

Mothership Enters Atmosphere Over Russia At Night; Mass UFO Sightings Over Cotulla, Texas; UFO In Tycho Crater 

Video First Robot To Play Badminton 

Study: Husbands Who Do More Traditionally Female Housework Have Less Sex 

Study: More Sex For Married Couples With Traditional Divisions Of Housework 

A Tool To Decode Baby Talk 

Sexual Darwinism: Survival Of The Prettiest, Sexual Selection Can Be Inferred From The Fossil Record 

Ridges On Mars Suggest Ancient Flowing Water 

Alien Photographed Accidentally In Texas, New Crop Circles Astound Australians, Green UFOs On ISS Live Cam, Huge UFO Punching Through Earth’s Clouds And Atmosphere Seen From ISS 

The Greatest Modern Oracle, A Living Prophet With Uncannily Accurate Predictions Over 50 Years 

13 World Mysteries Without Explanation 

Lost Tomb Of Jesus Found 

25,000 Year Old Buildings Found In Russia? The Mysterious Dolmens And Megaliths Of The Caucasus 

Baffling Pulsar Leaves Astronomers In The Dark 

Supergiant Star To Explode Near Earth! Betelgeuse To Go Supernova When It Collides With Colossal Dust Wall Say Astronomers 

Tiny Alien Body Confirmed With CT Scans And X-Rays Says Dr. Steven Greer, Presidential Briefing Documents   

Where Is The Sandy Hook Surveillance Video? Citizens Petition White House For Video Release 

“Flying Saucer” Crash Crushes Car 

300 Million Year Old Machinery Found In Russia, Experts Say Aluminum Gear Not The Result Of Natural Forces, May Be Extraterrestrial 

Giant Pyramid And Globe UFOs Seen Worldwide 



Before It’s News® is a community of individuals who report on what’s going on around them, from all around the world.

Anyone can join.
Anyone can contribute.
Anyone can become informed about their world.

"United We Stand" Click Here To Create Your Personal Citizen Journalist Account Today, Be Sure To Invite Your Friends.

Please Help Support BeforeitsNews by trying our Natural Health Products below!


Order by Phone at 888-809-8385 or online at https://mitocopper.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomic.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST

Order by Phone at 888-388-7003 or online at https://www.herbanomics.com M - F 9am to 5pm EST


Humic & Fulvic Trace Minerals Complex - Nature's most important supplement! Vivid Dreams again!

HNEX HydroNano EXtracellular Water - Improve immune system health and reduce inflammation

Ultimate Clinical Potency Curcumin - Natural pain relief, reduce inflammation and so much more.

MitoCopper - Bioavailable Copper destroys pathogens and gives you more energy. (See Blood Video)
Oxy Powder - Natural Colon Cleanser!  Cleans out toxic buildup with oxygen! 
Nascent Iodine - Promotes detoxification, mental focus and thyroid health.
Smart Meter Cover -  Reduces Smart Meter radiation by 96%!  (See Video)

Immusist Beverage Concentrate - Proprietary blend, formulated to reduce inflammation while hydrating and oxygenating the cells.

Report abuse
Loading...

    Comments

    Your Comments
    Question   Razz  Sad   Evil  Exclaim  Smile  Redface  Biggrin  Surprised  Eek   Confused   Cool  LOL   Mad   Twisted  Rolleyes   Wink  Idea  Arrow  Neutral  Cry   Mr. Green

    Total 8 comments
    • wizard

      It’s all an holographic illusion.

    • Anonymous

      There’s a super massive black hole in the center of Washington DC. It sucking in all our money and freedoms.

    • Anonymous

      We are 30,000 light years from the centre of our galaxy, so whatever we see, happened 30,000 years ago.

    • THEWARNINGSECONDCOMING.COM

      What everyone will see will be the collision of two comets which will form the cross of Jesus Christ. It will be sent to show everyone the reality of Jesus Christ.

    • Cosmic Charlie

      A super massive black hole made of Count Chocula will engulf all Cap’n Crunch users and all sins will be forgiven.

    • chris from oz

      albeit a very persistent one…

    • Anonymous

      Or perhaps that comets’ paths can cross at right angles?

    • William

      HOOOOOOO! SPOOOOOOOOOKY!!!!

    MOST RECENT
    Load more ...

    SignUp

    Login

    Newsletter

    Email this story
    Email this story

    If you really want to ban this commenter, please write down the reason:

    If you really want to disable all recommended stories, click on OK button. After that, you will be redirect to your options page.