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New Type Of Matter Created By Large Hadron Collider Say Astounded Scientists

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Unexpected data from the Large Hadron Collider suggest the collisions may be producing a new type of matter.

Collisions between protons and lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have produced surprising behavior in some of the particles created by the collisions. The new observation suggests the collisions may have produced a new type of matter known as color-glass condensate.

A proton collides with a lead nucleus, sending a shower of particles through the CMS detector. 

Image: CERN

When beams of particles crash into each other at high speeds, the collisions yield hundreds of new particles, most of which fly away from the collision point at close to the speed of light. However, theCompact Muon Solenoid (CMS) team at the LHC found that in a sample of 2 million lead-proton collisions, some pairs of particles flew away from each other with their respective directions correlated.

“Somehow they fly at the same direction even though it’s not clear how they can communicate their direction with one another. That has surprised many people, including us,” says MIT physics professor Gunther Roland, whose group led the analysis of the collision data along with Wei Li, a former MIT postdoc who is now an assistant professor at Rice University.

A paper describing the unexpected findings will appear in an upcoming issue of the journal Physical Review B and is now available on arXiv.

The MIT heavy-ion group, which includes Roland and MIT physics professors Bolek Wyslouch and Wit Busza, saw the same distinctive pattern in proton-proton collisions about two years ago. The same flight pattern is also seen when ions of lead or other heavy metals, such as gold and copper, collide with each other.

Those heavy-ion collisions produce a wave of quark gluon plasma, the hot soup of particles that existed for the first few millionths of a second after the Big Bang. In the collider, this wave sweeps some of the resulting particles in the same direction, accounting for the correlation in their flight paths.

It has been theorized that proton-proton collisions may produce a liquid-like wave of gluons, known as color-glass condensate. This dense swarm of gluons may also produce the unusual collision pattern seen in proton-lead collisions, says Raju Venugopalan, a senior scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, who was not involved in the current research.

Venugopalan and his former student Kevin Dusling theorized the existence of color-glass condensate shortly before the particle direction correlation was seen in proton-proton collisions. While protons at normal energy levels consist of three quarks, they tend to gain an accompanying cluster of gluons at higher energy levels. These gluons exist as both particles and waves, and their wave functions can be correlated with each other. This “quantum entanglement” explains how the particles that fly away from the collision can share information such as direction of flight path, Venugopalan says.

The correlation is “a very tiny effect, but it’s pointing to something very fundamental about how quarks and gluons are arranged spatially within a proton,” he says.

The CMS researchers originally set out to use the lead-proton collisions as a “reference system” for comparison with lead-lead collisions.

“You don’t expect quark gluon plasma effects” with lead-proton collisions, Roland says. “It was supposed to be sort of a reference run — a run in which you can study background effects and then subtract them from the effects that you see in lead-lead collisions.”

That run lasted only four hours, but in January, the CMS collaboration plans to do several weeks of lead-proton collisions, which should allow them to establish whether the collisions really are producing a liquid, Roland says. This should help narrow down the possible explanations and determine if the effects seen in proton-proton, lead-proton and lead-lead collisions are related.

The LHC won’t destroy the planet (but will spark a revolution)

Professor Jesse Thaler discusses how the Large Hadron Collider will not destroy the world. It will, however, revolutionize fundamental physics by providing insights into the origin of mass, the nature of dark matter, the apparent weakness of gravity, and the symmetry structure of our universe.

This lecture explains the scientific basis for particle physicists’ confidence, both in the discovery potential of the LHC and in its absolute safety.




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Contacts and sources:
Anne Trafton
MIT News Office

Related links:

Paper: “Observation of long-range near-side angular correlations in proton-lead collisions at the LHC”

Gunther Roland

Bolek Wyslouch

Wit Busza

Relativistic Heavy Ion Group

Department of Physics

ARCHIVE: “A step closer to Big Bang conditions?”

ARCHIVE: “Quark-gluon plasma, explained”

ARCHIVE: “The bouncing gas”

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    Total 13 comments
    • James Smith

      I’m pretty heavy into Physics myself, smiles, and what effects me the most is the Large Hadron Collider is bull crap also it’s the largest waste of money in Physics research I ever heard of. Just recently they needed some donations and an excuse to fund there big guess Physics class and told us they discovered a neutrino that moves faster that the speed of light of which was blatantly impossible, later a loose cable was found, yea right, major fail. Obviously they need to report news in a need to discover they need some more money. Mostly guessing is all I hear, a black hole is a giant mass so big and gravity so strong that a photon can’t escape. The military is funding antimatter research but I got bad news for you, theirs no such thing anti matter bombs, it’s impossible and it will never be a reality where we make anti matter that delivers more energy than an atomic explosion, that would be an impossibility now and for ever because you can’t violate the laws of thermodynamics. I always go back to the basics because if it can’t pass the mustard of basics it’s not possible ever.

      • Anonymous

        Just one of the many projects designed 2 funnel money away disguised as “research”

      • jsmithute

        I don’t know who is writing these posts, but it isn’t me. Jim

      • harleyborgais

        Right on James. I agree, and can provide proof of most of these kind of things upon request: harleyborgais at gmail dat com.
        What we should be using is the interferometer: interference of waves, which causes all matter and phenomenon to exist, and is the ultimate technology, devised by Tesla, Keely, and others, causes the crop formations, allows the UFOs to work, and really anything we can imagine…including manipulating the ‘laws of physics’ to a point, which Tesla actually did before 1911, when he made the sky glow green over the Atlantic, caused the Tunguska Explosion, made lightning larger than nature, caused earthquakes, sent wireless power from NY to LA with very little loss, and possibly communicated with ETs in outer space even. He died in 1943, his papers were stolen by the russians I hear, where they developed the first interferomer in the 1970s…and the statistics of UFO sightings exponentially increased right after his death.

      • Joerg Klaemt

        James Smith

        Not entirely disagreeing with you on most of what you say,other than anti Matter.
        “I’m pretty heavy into Physics myself” So can you explain to me and everyone else on this forum what causes Instantaneous Combustion? I am sure you heard of it!

    • Louis

      The headline says new type of matter “created” by Hadron collider, but the article says the collider “may be producing a new type of matter.”

      But it isn’t. The only thing the Hadron collider is producing is a gigantic black hole sucking huge bucks into it and making them go away.

      The Jewish Cabala uses esoteric formulas to unmask the secrets of God but has never succeeded in unmasking anything.

      Likewise, secular science uses sophisticated instruments to unmask the secrets of God and has consistently failed to outsmart the Almighty.

      Matter cannot be created (or destroyed) by any force on Earth. God alone possesses the power to create and to destroy.

      • Joerg Klaemt

        @ Anonymous
        “Matter cannot be created (or destroyed)” true…….. but it can be changed, modified and manipulated by Man. Guess God gave us that ability,unfortunately Man is using it to destroy gods creation.

    • zeus

      Since when was copper a heavy metal??

    • Pix

      What a fascinating world we live in.

      The only assumption was this: “Those heavy-ion collisions produce a wave of quark gluon plasma, the hot soup of particles that existed for the first few millionths of a second after the Big Bang.”

      The Big Bang theory only ever worked up to galactic level. After that they have added string theory (a hidden alternate universe where things happen like magic) and then multiple string theory to try and force it to work. Basically string theory amounts to ‘a giant invisible fairy story character did it’.


      • Louis

        Secular science invents “truth” to cover its inability to figure anything out.

    • harleyborgais

      Notice how they literally ‘created’ this new form of matter. It likely does not exist naturally. On my facebook wall I have posted a fuller explanation of all the mysteries in science, religion, law, history, health, and more. I will also provide ultimate answers to your greatest questions for free by email….
      harleyborgais is my facebook name….
      harleyborgais at gmail dat com is my email.
      So far, I have answered all the great questions I have every heard, and can prove all of them with real physical evidence or logical arguments (for those things that are beyond physical existence, like the explanation of the origin and nature of God Himself, and how all existence was created, where it is all going, etc.)
      I also have many of the secret oaths, agendas, origins, histories, and names of the secret societies that are causing almost all the wars, and perpetuating most disease on Earth…to get more control and wealth.
      If we finally wake up enough people to all these facts (and I do have verifiable facts, not hearsay and opinions or just theories), then we can finally Seed the Golden Age of Reason, and make life better on Earth forever. (Or until we fall asleep again, via complacency).

    • Prophet of Jealousy

      Dear Mr. Gunter.
      I can give you the answer to this question along with many others you presently have. Why is it you won’t believe what I say? I tell you with absolute certainty I have knowledge which would greatly increase you understanding of even Dark Matter. I won’t place any of this in writing upon any sites because I know of a certain Web-bots and many other various means of taking an-others knowledge but believe me when I tell you I know the answer. In all of this can you blame me then? I have kept up with the latest in science and tech as well as having many other of the necessary requirements to formulate the correct answers. I’m willing to speak personally to someone of the correct stature and prove my words to you! You need only but to chance my words are absolute and true! Anyway my telephone number is (814) 495-4451 if you happen to be interested regarding my present knowledge and words?


    • harleyborgais

      THESE GUYS HAVE NO IDEA WHAT THEY ARE TALKING ABOUT….the particles are not communicating with each other, they are simply two opposite parts of a charge* which are launched in opposite trajectories….and they have three axis of spin, so their paths are pretty complicated spirals inside spiral paths.
      Charge=Curvatures of space (Compression and expansion).
      Space=Ubiquitous medium (analogous to black holes, like micro black holes, dark matter, or Higgs Bosons, all the same geometrically).
      I can provide far better answers to any who seek them: harleyborgais at gmail dat com.

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